1, Become the best hospital many doctors would like to work at.
NPO Corporation Director Dr.Toshiko Takino, MD
2, How the maternity leave system works in the US and how to keep work-life Balance?
Sapporo Tokusyuukai Hospital Dr. Shadia Constantine, MD FACP
3, Diversity management of the Palliative care Division at Iizuka Hospital.
Iizuka Hospital Palliative care Division Director Dr. Hideyuki Kashiwagi MD
4, The approach at Tokyo Women’s Medical School, Now and then, in future. From medical education to re-training as physician after any leave.
Tokyo Women’s Medical School Center of the Adult Diseases. Professor Dr. Noako Iwasaki, MD
5, Career Support multiply Patients Safety equal Work style Reform to have approached For 12 years at Okayama University medical school.
Okayama University medical school Professor Dr. Hitomi Kataoka.MD
First speaker Dr. Takino has the corporation E-J net to measure the functions to work comfortably in the hospitals for female physicians. That is called HOPIRATE by Dr. Takino. She told why she has begun this program, she was a physician of gastroenterology and almost got burn-out when she was working the hospital by fulltime back in her days. She said recently young doctors has been changing to make much of work-life balance and female doctors make things of their personal life , they don’t take care of the patients around time of their return. Other male doctors compensate the patients care after female doctors left and they must work till late hour. The male doctors feel nuisance for that and think female doctors make trouble but are not useful. So HOPIRATE has changed the marks for measurement about working with high motivation not only the conditions of work place with childcare facilities, short time working. The hospital where female doctors are working cheerfully will gather good nurses and office workers and they get more fixed at the hospital, increase the number of patients, they will get more incomes and be happy.
Next speaker is Dr. Shadia Constantine. She was graduated from medical school of Panama and got her residency at US. She has come to Japan as the teaching stuff of the medical education and has three young kids. She told about the maternity leave system in the US. Most of all female physicians can take the maternity leave for about 8weeks. She is working as a teaching physician in Japan and learning at Oxford University.
Third speaker Dr. Hideyuki Kashiwagi has a certified MBA and qualification of social welfare. He affirmed not to admit the stereotype for previous winner. He declare the vision and mission of their division and he and his subordinates pursue to achieve them. He always try to get his subordinates engagement, stimulate their mindsets, share their Why thing. He gave the example the Mikoshi model, Mikoshi is portable shrine. 5 people keep to shoulder the Mikoshi and 2 people come to join, 7 people carry the Mikoshi comfortably but then they feel heavy strangely, 2 person hang the Mikoshi and load them. He told to start conducting easy issues he could do although they have many tough issues.
Fourth speaker Dr. Naoko Iwasaki is Professor of the Tokyo women’s medical school. Tokyo women’s medical school is very unique because the only female students study to become doctors and they perform to educate to become good female doctors and live their lives as doctors. They continue to educate their students why they want to become doctors, they must keep working as physicians. They have had some surveys for alumni association what you are doing. They especially told young female students must have the motivations to become good doctors. Also they perform the work-style reform to go back home at 18 o’clock.
Last speaker is Professor Dr. Hitomi Kataoka. She has a 2 years old baby. She has been working the MUSCAT career center at Okayama University medical school for 12 years. In rural area in Japan the numbers of doctors is running short, in city area especially Tokyo area the numbers of doctors is too much. She think the working doctors now in Okayama don’t quit and keep working with any personal conditions. Most of all doctors think they must work for their local patients because local medical care will collapse if they would quit to work. She told we have to balance between doctor’s well-being and local medical care continuity. They need the supports from their family, comprehension from co-workers. She told when female doctors is increasing in the hospital the female doctors got to have more motivation for upper titles of academic societies.
We held this long time symposium for about 130 minutes, but I didn’t feel too long. 5 doctors talked different issue from various viewpoints. I felt they all talked we need to change our perception for our well-being and social rules. Generation X and young generations have different wishes and lifestyles. But we will avoid to collapse the local medical care, Dr. Iwasaki and Dr. Kataoka have been working for medical education and making mediating center for re-job placement for long time. It would be most difficult and important that we must have been working for long time to change people’s mindset for equity in gender. But now we must take action for this issue with our colleagues and families.
I felt their each efforts are very venerable they have been working on their own identities. But I felt sorry the participants were very small this day. I think young doctors want to go to the educational sessions. They seem to think the work-life reform is not their issues, older peoples like directors and professors must think and perform that for young doctors. I don’t think young doctors don’t need to involve this issue I rather think they must involve this issue for themselves. And work-style reform is not only for female physicians. I think all the physicians must involve and think of this matter and take actions for it. The hospital that female physicians work comfortably and actively will gather good nurses and co-medical staffs and increase the numbers of patients and incomes. And I think the critical point about work-life reform is Patients First. I think we don’t forget we are working for the patients, not only to increase our medical knowledges and practices for ourselves. We must have the balance between personal life and work. But that will not always keep same balance. Sometimes doctors will make a thing of the work as physician but another time they will make a thing of the personal life. This seems long time challenges. But I think at this matter the important thing is physician’s Professionalism. I think we physicians must keep going upon the Professionalism. And we have to keep up with fast pace of daily life and receive the diversity, I think we have to change the mindset and stereotype about gender .That would be much more challenges.
Finally I would like to thank you for the 5 speakers. And I appreciate to Dr. Noriko Kawashima she designed this symposium and I admire her intelligence and networks. The members of our committee had meetings for respective charge and conducted their own ideas. I am very proud of them and appreciated.
米国内科学会日本支部年次総会におきまして、「”Is there a doctor on board?” 高度3万フィートのオンコールに自信を持って手を挙げられる医師になるために」というタイトルで講演を行いました。我々国際交流プログラム委員会では、国際交流にとって最も大切なツールの一つ、医学英語の教育を行うことを念頭に、今回の講演を企画しました。医学英語を使う状況を思い浮かべる中で、委員から、日本における航空機内救急に関する知識、教育の乏しさの指摘があり、ここに焦点を当てることになりました。
IATA（国際航空運送協会）によれば、世界の航空旅客数は2018年に40億人を突破し、さらに増加の一途をたどっています。常時5,000機以上の旅客機が高度30,000 フィートの上空を飛行し、1日あたり1,000万人が機内という閉鎖空間で数時間から十数時間を過ごします。そこで問題となるのが航空機内救急（In-flight medical emergencies; IME）です。過去の統計によればIMEは平均約600便に1件発生するとされ、毎日約1,000件のIMEが世界のどこかの上空で起こっている計算になります。このようなIMEに対して自信を持って対処できる術を身につけていただくことを目標に講演を行いました。
A report of the seminar; “Is there a doctor on board?” at the annual conference of American College of Physicians, Japan Chapter
GIM, Saitama Medical University Hospital
Yuji Yamada, M.D.
We held a seminar, the title of which was “Is there a doctor on board? -to be a physician who can confidently raise a hand to help in-flight medical emergencies” at the annual conference of American College of Physicians, Japan Chapter, Kyoto, Japan. Our initial plan was to create a seminar which can help participants improve their English communication skills. Through our discussion we found in-flight medical emergencies are not well recognized in Japan and decided to focus on this in our seminar.
The number of annual commercial airline passengers exceeded 4 billion for the first time in 2017 according to the report from International Air Transport Association (IATA) and it is expected to increase further. More than 5,000 aircrafts fly at an altitude of 30,000 feet at any given time and ten million people spend several hours daily on the plane. Here comes the problem: In-Flight Medical Emergencies (IMEs).
The estimated prevalence of IMEs is approximately 1 in 600 flights, meaning 1,000 IMEs occur somewhere in the sky every day. As a result, it is becoming inevitable to encounter some kind of IMEs when we take a flight. Therefore, learning and preparing for IMEs are essential for us physicians. The main purpose of this seminar was to provide basic knowledge and important skills to better cope with them.
On the day of this seminar more than 50 participants gathered early in the morning. After quick icebreaking activities, we started the session with a short play. Dr. Makiishi, who belonged to a drama club, played a role of a physician passenger. Dr. Tsutsumi became a passenger from Singapore, who developed syncope in the aircraft. Ms. Komazaki, who is a former cabin attendant, played a cabin attendant role very naturally. Their impressive performance instantly grabbed audience’s heart and greatly helped them understand the concept of IMEs. Lectures were also given in-between the performance, regarding 1) common presentations and proper management of IMEs based on up-to-date medical literatures, 2) tips of history taking in English, and 3) introduction of cabin attendants’ role in IMEs and emergency medical kits available on airplanes. I believe the lectures given not only by a physician but also by a cabin attendant made the understanding of audience even deeper.
It is essential to learn and prepare for IMEs in advance to care sick passengers efficiently since the condition in airplanes is quite unusual. However, in reality, there are not many workshops or seminars available in Japan. We hope this seminar was a great opportunity for audience to recognize the importance of preparation for IMEs and also a great start to expand this type of activities in the future.
After appointed to the post of governor, I was taken by surprise to know that governors have wide range of missions and now I’m feeling heavy responsibilities. However, as the three great predecessors, Drs. Kiyoshi Kurokawa, Shotai Kobayashi and Fumiaki Ueno, had set the right track, I believe that all I have to do is to go forward on the same track.
It has been 23 years since I became a member of ACP. Time flies! In those days, I was a co-chair of a committee of the Association of FJSIM (Fellows of Japanese Society of Internal Medicine) to encourage FJSIMs to join ACP, so Japanese Society of Internal Medicine (JSIM) was a close society with us in the beginning. I think ACP Japan Chapter and JSIM should cooperate in the future again because the purpose of the two organizations is the same. The first cooperation of the two entities was realized this year as a joint session for students and residents in the annual meeting of JSIM. I hope we will have chances to cooperate again and I will make efforts to achieve that aim.
Thank you for everything you do for our chapter and for our profession.
All the best,
Kenji Maeda, MD FACP
Governor, American College of Physicians, Japan Chapter
２．札幌徳洲会病院 Dr. Shadia Constantine,
「How the maternity leave system works in the US and how to keep work-life balance?」
さらにcompetitiveなAwardとして、John Tooker Evergreen Awardがあります。この賞は支部を活性化させるための革新的な活動を評価するもので、今年は25支部から28件の応募がありました。この賞にnominateするだけで高い評価をうけるのですが、大変ハードルが高く、今年応募したのは全支部の3分の1未満です。そうした各支部の自信作がひしめき合う中，日本支部は他の4支部と共にこのEvergreen Award Winnerに選ばれました。海外支部では唯一のものです。
その受賞理由を選考委員会ChairのDr. Michael Tanの文面を引用しお知らせします。
Your submission, “In the Clinic: Japanese Translation Project,” captures the spirit of innovation that the John Tooker Evergreen Awards Program seeks to recognize. The Chapter subcommittee felt this was an outstanding initiative that demonstrates a powerful way that ACP international chapters can be active at the local level. Subcommittee members commended this program
for not only being innovative, but provides member
encouragement, engagement, and recruitment/retention all in one.
This program is a great model for other international chapters.
私はEarly Career Physiciansのポスター発表の枠に応募しました。“Impact of the hospitalist system in Japan on quality of care and healthcare economics”という当院で行なった臨床研究について発表を行いました。ホスピタリストは幅広い内科の問題に対応できる、入院対応のスペシャリストとして米国で発展してきました。米国ではその有用性が多数報告されてきました。本邦においても患者を総合的に診療できる医師の必要性が強調され、専門医制度にも変革が生まれていますが、ホスピタリストの有用性を検証した研究はありませんでした。当院では2017年度に米国でホスピタリストのトレーニングを積んだ指導医の元で総合内科が診療を開始しました。本研究は当院に入院した誤嚥性肺炎の患者を対象とし、ホスピタリスト群(当科)とコントロール群(その他専門科)による治療が医療経済(入院期間、医療費)、医療の質(抗菌薬投与期間、経口抗菌薬への変更率、採血や胸部レントゲン撮影回数)、死亡率・再入院率へどのような影響を及ぼすかを調べた後ろ向きコホート研究です。プロペンシティスコアマッチングを用いて解析を行いました。結果として、死亡率や再入院率を上げることなく、医療経済および質をホスピタリスト群が有意に改善させました。
ポスター発表以外の時間はできる限りセッションに参加しました。同じ時間帯にいくつも魅力的なセッションが行われていました。携帯のアプリで発表の会場、時間、資料の確認を行うことができ、非常に効率が良いと感じました。参加したセッションはいずれも質が非常に高く大変勉強になりました。積極的な参加を求められるセッションもあり、ピッツバーグの先生が発表したヘルスリテラシーを上げるための取り組みに関するセッションでは、他の参加者と議論を行う場面がありました。ACP日本支部のEarly Career Physicians Committeeで「国際学会で地蔵にならないための英語セミナー」と言うセッションを開催していましたが、もっと国際学会で積極的に参加し、発言する姿勢や能力を磨きたいと感じました。