The Student Committee held a program for student exchange at the ACPJC annual meeting 2019.
The program consisted of three presentations and the discussions were very exciting. More than 30 participants attended.
We thank everyone who helped make this program possible.
Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Center General Internal Medicine Resident
I am honored to report my experience in the externship at the Department of Hospital Medicine in Shands Hospital, UF Health, a program by the International Exchange Program Committee of ACP Japan Chapter.
I applied to this program because I would like to be a resident in the U.S., and to become a specialist in hospital medicine in the future. Since the field is not yet common in Japan, I thought that I would be able to gain a lot of experience that could not be obtained in my country. Consequently, my guess was correct.
I observed two branches of the division; the floor team and the consultation team. The floor team basically takes care of inpatients who have multiple health problems not limited to one organ. In my hospital, I usually work as a general internal medicine doctor, and I noticed that there is not such a big difference in terms of work content and treatment strategy between U.S. and Japan. I was pleased to know that the clinical skills that I have gained in my workplace are as good as the ones residents of one of the best teaching hospitals in the U.S. can learn.
The consultation team consists of a resident and an attending doctor. They accept consultations from other departments and procedures including thoracentesis, paracentesis, lumbar puncture, and so on. The main cases of referrals are co-management of patients in surgery divisions. For example, we get many patients from orthopedics with comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, and heart failure. The cooperation between each department to treat patients was quite impressive.
Since this unique consultation system is the biggest reason for me to become a hospitalist in the U.S., I was happy to have the chance to observe their work. Though the system is not prevalent in my country, I am convinced that it is beneficial to both patients and doctors in other departments because surgeons do not have to take care of those problems and can concentrate on their specialties, and patients are treated by specialists of internal medicine. In the future, I would like to learn about this culture and bring it back to my country to make the Japanese healthcare system better.
Not only was it an excellent chance to learn about medicine in America, but it was also such a great opportunity for me in terms of my future carrier as a resident. Doctor Kattan, the attending doctor, was so generous that he allowed me to see patients and make presentations on each round. Although it was a short externship, I felt that I made a significant improvement in my clinical skills through this experience. I believe that it was achieved by reflecting on the attending doctor’s evaluation and advice about my assessments, plans, and presentations every day. He also asked me a lot of clinical questions related to patients during rounds, which revealed that I need to be more familiar with a wide variety of diseases, treatments, etc. I also realized that it was vital for me to acquire his ability to educate residents and medical students in the future.
Through this externship, my determination of becoming a hospitalist has only gotten deeper. I strongly recommend this program to those who wish to work in the United States.
Finally, I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to the attending doctors who gave us the chance to join the externship, doctors in IECP of ACP Japan Chapter including Dr. Maliishi, and Dr. Stein who kindly and wholly helped me before and during my stay in Gainesville, Florida.
このたび、アメリカ内科学会日本支部国際交流委員会のプログラムにより、University of Florida Department of Hospital Medicineに3週間のエクスターンシップの機会を頂きました。学んだことはあまりに多く、書ききれない事柄も多々ありますが、できるだけ詳細にご報告させていただきます。
はじめに、今回ローテーションさせていただきましたDepartment of Hospital Medicineとその志望理由について説明いたします。この診療科はいわゆるHospitalistが勤務している診療科であり、入院中の患者のうち複数科にわたるプロブレムを持つ患者を中心に担当を行っています。また、他科(主に整形外科、泌尿器科、産婦人科などの非内科系診療科)からの内科的コンサルトも引き受けています。私は将来米国にてHospital Medicineを専攻したいと考えており、今回のエクスターンシップは本場のHospital Medicineを学ぶまたとない好機と考えたため、応募をさせていただきました。
Hospitalistの勤務体系はseven days on, seven days offと呼ばれており、7日間の連続勤務ののちに7日間の休暇があります。休暇に入ってしまう関係上、単独の医師をShadowしつづけることができないため、7日間をFloorでshadowしたのち、次の7日間をConsultation serviceで過ごすという方法を採らせていただきました。正確には週の中盤でseven daysの交替が行われるため、バランスよくいずれも1週間半ずつ滞在することができました。
I am a PGY-16 board-certified nephrologist and have done my clinical and epidemiological research at University of California Irvine between 2014-2018. While studying there, I have become intrigued with the US clinical practice, which I was not able to get familiar with just reading articles or analyzing data. I do need to do clinical practice by myself for this purpose, and I started preparing to become a US-certified physician even though it may seem ridiculous to start over my career at the age of 40’s. Therefore, it was very fortunate for me to obtain an opportunity for the 3-week externship at Division of Nephrology, University of Florida (UF). I learned a lot there, but here I would like to briefly summarize some of the most impressive experience.
Figure 1. South tower view from North tower
UF Shands hospital is a huge hospital with more than 800 beds (Figure 1), and health care is provided across four buildings including its associated Veterans Affairs medical center. The nephrology team divides into several groups into those physicians who cover the general wards and ICU, those who cover ER and the chronic care hospital, and those who cover kidney transplantation. Nephrology fellows rotate these locations throughout their training period. At Shands hospital, the primary care providers for inpatients are hospitalists and/or surgeons, and the main role of the nephrology team is consultation where they suggest treatment advice and provide dialysis treatments. They take care mainly of dialysis patients admitted for complications and those inpatients suffering from acute kidney injury and/or electrolyte abnormalities. Fellows see patients early in the morning and then meet the attending physicians to discuss treatment options. They start ward round after electric medical record review, which is very similar to what I have done in Japan.
One of the biggest differences to Japan was the socioeconomic backgrounds of patients. There were quite a few young patients with alcoholic cirrhosis complicated by hepatorenal syndrome and those IV drug users with infectious endocarditis complicated by acute kidney injury. I often encountered hemodialysis patients coming into ER for fluid overload after skipping their last treatment session for a variety of reasons. Also, I recall meeting an undocumented and uninsured immigrant patient with ESRD who presented to the ER in the middle of the night after driving all the way from Orlando, where he had been receiving regular hemodialysis care for many years, in the hopes of receiving a kidney transplant. Shands hospital, like most hospitals in the US, face challenges of taking care of uninsured and undocumented patients with chronic comorbidities such as CKD and heart failure. Some states, such as California and Illinois, are able to offer kidney transplantation to select undocumented ESRD patients, mainly because it is less costly than continuing regular hemodialysis. Nevertheless, I was deeply impressed to see that the nephrology physicians always made every effort to listen to patients, feel for them, and respect their will regardless of their social backgrounds.
I had been just certified by ECFMG when I started this externship, and now I am preparing to start my career as a physician in the US. Therefore, it was a highly valuable opportunity for me to observe real clinical practice at UF Shands hospital before I work as a nephrology fellow. I greatly thank the nephrology attendings Dr. Tantravahi and Dr. Ali (Figure 2) who gave me flexible learning opportunities and taught me US medicine through discussions during their busy working time. I also thank Dr. Mark Segal, the Chief of Nephrology, and all the staff including Kayla; they welcomed me with warm hospitality although I was a total stranger to them. My special thanks go to Dr. Gerald Stein and ACP Japan Chapter for providing such a unique program. My experience at UF Shands hospital will definitely help me pursue my ambition to become a physician-scientist in the US, and I will strive to make my best effort to achieve my goal.
I am honored to report that Dr. Kawaguchi and I won the first prize in the American College of Physicians (ACP) Doctor’s Dilemma competition 2019.
I have participated in ACP Japan Chapter(JC) since I was a medical student. Each year, I took a lot of interesting and interactive workshops, and got to know many outstanding medical students and doctors. Doctor’s Dilemma is one of the most interesting program, but I could not take part in it, because I was not able to get a partner.
There were the largest number, 35, of participating teams from various hospitals this year. In the Preliminary, we used smartphones to answer multiple choice questions. The questions are not so difficult, which made us nervous because losing even one question would be critical. We got 6th place and cleared the Preliminary.
The Final started after two-hour break. There were buzzer quiz at first, then more difficult, multiple choice questions from every areas of internal medicine. It was difficult to get point at first, because other team pressed the buzzer while we are discussing whether our answer was absolutely correct. Once we were able to select the multiple choice questions that every team had the right to answer but lost points with each incorrect answer, we could get almost all of the answers right. They were questions that were directly connected to what we do every day, and some of them we knew from MKSAP. That’s how we won the championship.
There are several reasons why we won this year. In addition to working up many MKSAP questions by ourselves, we see a variety of patients every day as a GIM physician. Moreover, we have various kinds of study sessions in our hospital which vary from day to day. These include clinical reasoning conference, learning how to make clinical question and search for it, introducing several papers in a short time, and so on. They made us deepen our medical knowledge very efficiently.
Finally, I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to the attending doctors who mentored us, the colleagues and friends who congratulated us, and every staff who helped holding the ACP Japan chapter.
Comments on receiving the Kurokawa Prize (Medical Student branch) at the ACP Japan Chapter Annual Meeting 2019
Medical Student, Juntendo University School of Medicine
I am very honored to be awarded the Kurokawa Prize at the American College of Physicians (ACP) Japan Chapter Annual Meeting 2019 in Kyoto.
At the meeting, I made a presentation entitled “Unaware of glaucoma and traffic accidents: a proposal to detect visual field defects by CLOCK CHART”. I presented this issue, because I believe that it is clinically and socially significant for us to screen for glaucoma using CLOCK CHART, considering that this pathological condition is related to traffic accidents.
One of main research themes at the Department of Public Health, Juntendo University, is “health-related traffic accidents”, which include the effects of obstructive sleep apnea, hay fever and glaucoma. Among these, the prevalence of glaucoma is around 5% for those aged 40 years and over in Japan, whereas 90 percent of those affected are not aware of their disorder and remain untreated. Numerous previous studies reported the association between glaucoma and traffic accidents. Thus, there will be many latent patients with glaucoma who need appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
To address this, I collected 5 cases with glaucoma and examined their visual fields using both a Humphrey Field Analyzer and CLOCK CHART, the latter of which is a handy visual field screening tool. I found that the agreement rate between the Humphrey Field Analyzer and CLOCK CHART was substantially high. Therefore, it is concluded that screening visual fields using CLOCK CHART by general physicians would enhance the detection of glaucoma, leading to its early diagnosis and treatment, and reducing “health-related traffic accidents”.
I am also on a team investigating over 2000 commercial drivers. While still in progress, we are now analyzing the inter-relationships between traffic accidents and visual field defects detected by CLOCK CHART.
Finally, I would like to express my gratitude to Professor Tanigawa, Dr. Wada and all other teachers for their kind advice.
Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine
I am grateful that I could receive the Kurokawa Prize in the Annual Meeting of ACP Japan 2019. The basic idea of our study “Japanese people tend to overestimate their future cardiovascular risk” originated from the question, “aren’t people unnecessary worried about developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)?” In Japan, the risk of developing CVD in a patient with a slightly elevated LDL cholesterol is relatively low, in most cases, only a few percent in 10 years. Our impression was that people seem to be much more worried about developing CVD.
In our study, we could show that patients undergoing routine health check-up in our center significantly overestimated their risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Patients estimated their 10-year CVD risk as around 30%, compared with the calculated risk of 3%. From this result, we can make a hypothesis that CVD risk management in Japan may be conducted based on this misunderstanding.
We are planning for further research on this field. Will this misunderstanding affect the patient’s health seeking behavior, satisfaction, outcome, and will there be a positive effect of correcting this misunderstanding?
I would like to thank my boss, Dr. Eiji Hiraoka for supporting the whole work, and I would also like to thank all the people who were responsible for preparing this meeting.