Memories of ACP Japan Chapter Meeting June 8-9, 2019’ Kyoto Japan

Dr. Anuj Maheshwari, MD, FICP, FACE, FACP, FRCP (London, Edinburgh)
Professor & Head in General Medicine, BBD University, Lucknow, India
Organising Secretary, Annual Congress of ACP-India Chapter “Medicine 2018” at Lucknow

It has been my first visit to Japan. I had heard lot of good things about this country but found it much better than of my imagination. It has really been a wonderful experience for me and my family. It has been an excellent hospitality with flawless arrangements from beginning to the end. First of all, I shall like to pay my gratitude to our India Chapter Governor Dr Muruganathan who recommended and given me opportunity to represent India Chapter during annual conference of Japan Chapter. At the same time I can never forget to pay sincere thanks from core of my heart to Dr. Takahiko Tsutsumi and Dr. Tetsuya Makiishi who were our guest speakers in annual conference of ACP-India Chapter 2018 at Lucknow. Not only their deliberations were outstanding here in India but they must had praised us well there in Japan. After receiving a lovely invitation by Dr. Sugihiro Hamaguchi, chair Scientific program committee, ACP Japan Chapter, Dr. Yuka Kitano helped me in understanding the learning objectives of physicians in Japan regarding Diabetes. For me It was really seeming tough to keep audience attentive for one hour of my lecture. Yuka not only encouraged me but also helped me in deciding content to be included in my presentation which can create interest in Japanese audience. Evening before, I got an opportunity to see and pay my gratitude to Governor Japan chapter outgoing and incoming both together with Robert M. McLean, the President of the American College of Physicians (ACP) elected in 2019 with his wife.

As I have been given the topic to speak on treatment options, I tried to focus my talk on common factor between two populations, India & Japan. Although diabetes prevalence is increasing in both the countries, but faster is the progression in India for conspicuous reasons like carbohydrate rich diet, sudden affluence and luxury lifestyle with lack of physical activity. All this has happened in last 20-30 years which has changed typical Asian phenotype in India to overweight and obesity making Indians more prone to diabetes in lack of physical activity. In addition to these reasons our large population is also responsible for ten times more number of diabetic patients. In Japan 7.2 millions are suffering with diabetes while this number is 72 million in India second highest in the world next to China. Diabetes prevalence in Japan is 7.7 % while it is 8.8% in India.

If we really talk about common factors, typical Asian phenotype is actually a common characteristic between people of India and Japan. This typical Asian phenotype is characterised with accumulation of visceral fat with lean phenotype in extremities. Healthy Food habits and good amount of physical activities in Japan keeps away abdominal obesity and insulin resistance at large while in India same phenotype has progressed to abdominal obesity and Insulin resistance causing type 2 diabetes. What I noticed in ten days visit to Japan, plants & vegetables are used in good amount with food but with much less oil and fat contrary to India. Lot of lessons are there for Indians in Japanese life style.

Glucose control in diabetes deteriorates over time with the progressive nature of disease resulting in risk of developing various micro and macro vascular complications. Many classes of anti-diabetic drugs are available for treatment including metformin, sulfonylureas, glitazones, glinides, α glucosidase inhibitors and nearly a century old insulin. Newer drugs like gliptins (DPP-4 inhibitors), GLP1 agonist, flozins (SGLT-2 inhibitors) and insulin analogues have been added to the list during the last few years. These drugs effectively address various pathophysiological defects. However, given the need for multiple drug therapy, there is still a significant unmet need in the management of T2DM. Non-insulin antidiabetic agents have a potential to reduce HbA1c by an average of 1% and the simultaneous use of combination therapy can result in greater HbA1c reduction. Position statement on Standard of Care by ADA, recommends metformin as preferred initial pharmacological agent. Though we Asians do not match exactly with Americans, we need different recommendations to treat diabetes as we are not only different genetically but environmental factors, body habitus are also different.

A lot of questions had arisen out of these recommendations from audience citing Japanese are not usually obese or overweight then why is it necessary to begin treatment with metformin? It is true that Japanese may have many genes susceptible to diabetes including thrifty genes. Various environmental factors, added to these genetic factors, are considered responsible for the onset of disease, and the number of patients is increasing rapidly reflecting recent lifestyle changes. Impaired insulin secretion is characterized by lowered glucose responsiveness. In particular, the decrease in postprandial-phase secretion is an essential pathophysiological condition. Glucolipotoxicity, if left untreated, results in the decrease in the functional pancreatic cell mass. So it is not only an issue to improve insulin sensitivity. Metformin facilitates peripheral utilisation of glucose and equally beneficial in Insulin deficient type 2 diabetes mellitus. Although it may have some concerns for Indians as many of them are vegetarian having Vitamin B12 deficiency causing anaemia but not in Japanese. So it is appropriate selection of pharmaceutical agent which has immense importance. Now further recommendations should continue as follows:

  • If metformin monotherapy at highest tolerated dose does not achieve the optimum level, a second oral or injectable agent should be added.
  • Choice of the second pharmaceutical agent should be a based on environmental factors influencing therapeutic response.

Apart from this AACE suggests to start with dual drug therapy if HbA1c is 7.5 or more. If HbA1c is 9 or more at beginning, triple therapy is recommended to start with. If patient is symptomatic at 9 or more HbA1c, insulin should be a part of triple therapy.

Queries came from audiences regarding relevance of using pharmaceutical agents with weight loss potential in Japanese population like GLP1RA & SGLT-2 Inhibitors. A convincing explanation lies in visceral fat causing abdominal obesity giving rise a peculiar Asian phenotype. SGLT2 inhibitors act on the non-classical pathway and reduce hyperglycaemia by inhibiting renal reabsorption of glucose and thereby increasing urinary glucose excretion.  They also lead mild reduction in blood pressure due to chronic osmotic diuresis and associated with lower risk of hypoglycemia.

SGLT-2 Inhibitors can only be justified if a person is having significant amount of visceral fat reducing insulin sensitivity. It also promotes usage of alternative fuels like fat for production of energy. As far as GLP-1RA is concerned, they increase insulin secretion in response to oral glucose ingestion, induce satiety by slowing gastric emptying, suppresses appetite, inhibit glucagon secretion and also have been proposed to cause ß cell regeneration. Endogenous GLP1 released from intestinal L cells has a short half-life of 4 – 11 min. To overcome this, GLP1 analogues resistant to degradation by DPP4 have been devised. Low dose usage can be safely done for Japanese population with central adiposity.

Later I got an opportunity to judge selected research papers for oral presentations by students, residents, Fellows & early career physicians. One of the most stimulating session with high class research had made it more challenging to decide the best. All research papers and presentations were so good that it was difficult to select one for “Kurokawa Prize”.

Then I got a chance to attend few plenary sessions which were in Japanese language but I am thankful of my interpreter Mr. Hideta Teshirogi who is pursuing his medical studies there. He has been so wonderfully translated all sessions on the spot sitting aside me. I appreciate his knowledge and translation power so fast. My medico daughter Shivangi who is also pursuing medical studies in India enjoyed all English sessions and Kurokawa Prize session.

Overall it has been a wonderful academic feast for me and my family at one of the most beautiful city of world Kyoto. We attended welcome dinner in evening with all attendees and faculties. Next day enjoyed sightseeing at Arashiyama before leaving back home India. It has been an unforgettable experience while being at Japan. I wish to thanks all members of organizing team and Governor Japan Chapter Dr. Kenji Maeda for great conference with wonderful hospitality. We shall surely try our best to reciprocate when Dr. Kenji Maeda comes India for our annual conference at Kolkata. We can plan many joint ventures together including Asia specific guidelines in future.

ACP Japan Chapter Meeting June 8-9 2019’ Kyoto Japan

President of the American College of Physicians

Robert McLean, MD, FACP

I was honored to have the opportunity to participate in the ACP Japan chapter meeting in early June. Chapter governor Dr. Kenji Maeda and the rest of his chapter leaders were wonderful hosts. It was very interesting to hear firsthand from many chapter members about the Japan healthcare system and especially the medical education and training system. I enjoyed the opportunity to speak on the topic and discuss how the current changes in the Japanese training and board certification processes will be very helpful to ensure that internal medicine specialists who choose to enter general primary care practice will have adequate training to deliver high-quality care to patients.

I also had the opportunity to give a brief update on activities of the American College of Physicians and review how Global Engagement and the role of international chapters continues to grow. The Japan Chapter was ACP’s first international chapter and remains a role model for how to grow and develop. I also gave a talk on the ACP’s guideline development process, using the Gout Clinical Practice Guidelines as an example. I explained how different guideline processes between various organizations lead to slightly different conclusions and recommendations. Some in the media tends to report these as controversies, when in reality they merely reflect different processes and the lack of definitive evidence to answer many of the clinical questions we face on a daily basis.

I greatly enjoyed the opportunity to tour the beautiful historic city of Kyoto and learn much about Japanese history and culture there. Following several days in Kyoto, I had the opportunity to travel to Tokyo and similarly tour and learn a great deal while spending several days there before returning home to Connecticut. After such a wonderful experience, I clearly intend to return to Japan! I thank all the Chapter members with whom I had the chance to interact.

 

 

Contemplate the Healthcare Reform

Report from Women’s Committee 2019 June、2019

Chair; Noriko Yamamoto, MD FACP(President of Yamamoto Clinic)

Contemplate the Healthcare Reform.     9 June,2019 AM11:55-14:00

Women’s Committee;

Chair; Noriko Yamamoto, MD FACP

Co-Chair; Noriko Kawashima, MD FACP

Member; Keiko Arai, MD FACP, Yuko Morishima, MD FACP, Eri Matsumoto, MD Ayako Miki, MD

 

1, Become the best hospital many doctors would like to work at.

NPO Corporation Director Dr.Toshiko Takino, MD

2, How the maternity leave system works in the US and how to keep work-life Balance?

Sapporo Tokusyuukai Hospital Dr. Shadia Constantine, MD FACP

3, Diversity management of the Palliative care Division at Iizuka Hospital.

Iizuka Hospital Palliative care Division Director Dr. Hideyuki Kashiwagi MD

4, The approach at Tokyo Women’s Medical School, Now and then, in future. From medical education to re-training as physician after any leave.

Tokyo Women’s Medical School Center of the Adult Diseases. Professor Dr. Noako Iwasaki, MD

5, Career Support multiply Patients Safety equal Work style Reform to have approached For 12 years at Okayama University medical school.

Okayama University medical school Professor Dr. Hitomi Kataoka.MD

 

First speaker Dr. Takino has the corporation E-J net to measure the functions to work comfortably in the hospitals for female physicians. That is called HOPIRATE by Dr. Takino. She told why she has begun this program, she was a physician of gastroenterology and almost got burn-out when she was working the hospital by fulltime back in her days.  She said recently young doctors has been changing to make much of work-life balance and female doctors make things of their personal life , they don’t take care of the patients around time of their return. Other male doctors compensate the patients care after female doctors left and they must work till late hour. The male doctors feel nuisance for that and think female doctors make trouble but are not useful. So HOPIRATE has changed the marks for measurement about working with high motivation not only the conditions of work place with childcare facilities, short time working. The hospital where female doctors are working cheerfully will gather good nurses and office workers and they get more fixed at the hospital, increase the number of patients, they will get more incomes and be happy.

Next speaker is Dr. Shadia Constantine. She was graduated from medical school of Panama and got her residency at US. She has come to Japan as the teaching stuff of the medical education and has three young kids. She told about the maternity leave system in the US. Most of all female physicians can take the maternity leave for about 8weeks. She is working as a teaching physician in Japan and learning at Oxford University.

Third speaker Dr. Hideyuki Kashiwagi has a certified MBA and qualification of social welfare. He affirmed not to admit the stereotype for previous winner. He declare the vision and mission of their division and he and his subordinates pursue to achieve them. He always try to get his subordinates engagement, stimulate their mindsets, share their Why thing. He gave the example the Mikoshi model, Mikoshi is portable shrine. 5 people keep to shoulder the Mikoshi and 2 people come to join, 7 people carry the Mikoshi comfortably but then they feel heavy strangely, 2 person hang the Mikoshi and load them. He told to start conducting easy issues he could do although they have many tough issues.

Fourth speaker Dr. Naoko Iwasaki is Professor of the Tokyo women’s medical school. Tokyo women’s medical school is very unique because the only female students study to become doctors and they perform to educate to become good female doctors and live their lives as doctors. They continue to educate their students why they want to become doctors, they must keep working as physicians. They have had some surveys for alumni association what you are doing. They especially told young female students must have the motivations to become good doctors. Also they perform the work-style reform to go back home at 18 o’clock.

Last speaker is Professor Dr. Hitomi Kataoka. She has a 2 years old baby. She has been working the MUSCAT career center at Okayama University medical school for 12 years. In rural area in Japan the numbers of doctors is running short, in city area especially Tokyo area the numbers of doctors is too much.  She think the working doctors now in Okayama don’t quit and keep working with any personal conditions. Most of all doctors think they must work for their local patients because local medical care will collapse if they would quit to work. She told we have to balance between doctor’s well-being and local medical care continuity. They need the supports from their family, comprehension from co-workers. She told when female doctors is increasing in the hospital the female doctors got to have more motivation for upper titles of academic societies.

We held this long time symposium for about 130 minutes, but I didn’t feel too long. 5 doctors talked different issue from various viewpoints. I felt they all talked we need to change our perception for our well-being and social rules. Generation X and young generations have different wishes and lifestyles. But we will avoid to collapse the local medical care, Dr. Iwasaki and Dr. Kataoka have been working for medical education and making mediating center for re-job placement for long time. It would be most difficult and important that we must have been working for long time to change people’s mindset for equity in gender. But now we must take action for this issue with our colleagues and families.

I felt their each efforts are very venerable they have been working on their own identities. But I felt sorry the participants were very small this day. I think young doctors want to go to the educational sessions. They seem to think the work-life reform is not their issues, older peoples like directors and professors must think and perform that for young doctors. I don’t think young doctors don’t need to involve this issue I rather think they must involve this issue for themselves. And work-style reform is not only for female physicians. I think all the physicians must involve and think of this matter and take actions for it. The hospital that female physicians work comfortably and actively will gather good nurses and co-medical staffs and increase the numbers of patients and incomes. And I think the critical point about work-life reform is Patients First. I think we don’t forget we are working for the patients, not only to increase our medical knowledges and practices for ourselves. We must have the balance between personal life and work. But that will not always keep same balance. Sometimes doctors will make a thing of the work as physician but another time they will make a thing of the personal life. This seems long time challenges. But I think at this matter the important thing is physician’s Professionalism. I think we physicians must keep going upon the Professionalism. And we have to keep up with fast pace of daily life and receive the diversity, I think we have to change the mindset and stereotype about gender .That would be much more challenges.

Finally I would like to thank you for the 5 speakers. And I appreciate to Dr. Noriko Kawashima she designed this symposium and I admire her intelligence and networks. The members of our committee had meetings for respective charge and conducted their own ideas. I am very proud of them and appreciated.

Healthcare Reformを考える。

2019年 ACP日本支部講演会 Women’s Committee企画報告

Women’s Committee委員長 山本典子 やまもとクリニック院長 FACP

Women’s Committee 委員長;山本典子 副委員長;川嶋乃里子

メンバー;新井桂子 森島祐子 松本衣里 三木綾子

「Healthcare Reformを考える。」2019年6月9日 日曜日 11時55分より14時 京都大学 時計台百周年記念講堂 国際交流ホール2

 

  • Opening Remarks :川嶋乃里子先生
  • 働きたくなる病院へ:イージェイネット代表 瀧野敏子先生
  • How the maternity leave system works in the US and how to keep work-life balance?:Sapporo Tokusyuukai Hospital Dr.Shadia Constantine
  • 飯塚病院緩和ケア科のダイバーシティマネージメント:飯塚病院緩和ケア科部長 柏木秀行先生
  • 東京女子医大の取り組み、これまでとこれから。学生から再教育、再就職まで生涯にわたる人材育成と働き方改革:東京女子医大成人病センター教授 岩崎直子先生
  • キャリア支援×患者安全=働き方改革 岡山大学の12年の取り組み:岡山大学大学院医歯薬総合研究科 地域医療人材育成講座 片岡仁美先生

まず瀧野先生は NPO法人をつくりホスピレートという病院評価を行うことをなさっています。これを始めたきっかけなどのお話があり、女性医師が働きやすい病院の評価ということで始めたということですが、若い医師たちのワークライフバランスを重視する人が多くなったという変化や女性医師が時短などの条件で入職し働いても、患者さん重視でなく帰るころには患者をみないとか、自分の生活重視に偏り男性医師に迷惑がかかったりするようなことも出てきて、最近は保育所や時短などの条件面だけではなく、医師がモチベーションを高く持って輝けるようにするということを評価にいれていくよう考えているとのことでした。 また女性医師が働きやすいと、女性ナースやスタッフの定着率もよく、良い人材が集まりやすいということです。またそのために患者さんも増え、収入もあがり、病院としても個人としても豊かになる、という効果があるというお話でした。

次にパナマで医学部を卒業されUSで研修を受けられたDr.Shadia Constantineです。3人のお子さんがおられて ご主人が主夫をなさっているということでした。アメリカには法律としての産休はありませんが、大学や大きな病院ネットワークには規定があり、給与をもらいながら平均8週間くらいは産休を取ることが多いということです。ただし産休をとるのは5分の2くらいということでした。USでの比較検討などのペーパーを示していただきました。

3人目は唯一の男性、飯塚病院の柏木秀行先生です。医師でありながらMBAや社会福祉士の資格もお持ちです。最初に柏木先生は、今までの勝ち組思考はもう通用しないと断言されています。科としての理念、ビジョン、ミッションを明らかにしてその実現を追求していくこと、部下をエンゲージメントする、マインドセットを刺激する、Whyの共有などを実行されているということでした。おみこしを5人で担いでいてなんとかなっていたところ、2人がさらに来た。少し楽になったかと思っていた。でもなんだか重いと思ったら、うち2人がぶら下がっていたということがありうるというお話もありました。難しいこともできることから始めていこうということでした。

4人目は東京女子医大の岩崎直子先生です。日本で唯一の女子だけの医学部ですので、大学としての理念や医師になるための意識教育についての話から始まりました。学生のうちから医師としての自覚、ライフサイクルを考えたキャリア形成、離職しても再教育・再就職できるようにということでセンターを立ちあげて応募者の話を聞き、背中を押し、技術の再教育なども行っているとのことでした。印象的だったのは、なぜ医師になりたいのか、医師として働き続ける意思を持つこと、その中で自分が何をやりたいのかなどを学生の間から実習として先輩の姿を見させたり。、同窓生のアンケートをとり現状を把握したりすることを続けておられることです。特に医師になるということについての動機がないとだめだと主張されていました。また働き方改革としては、早く帰ること、当直明けは早く帰って休むことなどを実行されているということでした。

最後は岡山大学の片岡仁美先生でした。12年にわたり岡山大学で医療人キャリアセンターMuskatセンターでの活動をなさっておられます。働き方改革を行おうとすると地方だと人がどんどん増やせない現状なので、今働いている人をこれ以上やめないで、事情があっても働けるというようにすることが必要と考えられたそうです。ですから現在は女性医師だけではなく、男性や子育てだけでなく介護で時間が必要な人も対象にしているそうです。過労や働く時間が長いと診断エラーも増えるので、医師自身もうつや自殺企図など健康を損なわれることもある、でも目の前に患者さんがいれば やらなければいけない、自分たちがやらなければ医療が崩壊する、若手の研修も十分にできないなどの状況の中で、患者安全と地域医療の継続性、医療人の健康とバランスをとることが必要とお話されています。プロジェクトは、家族のサポート、上下の理解、同僚の理解、適切な労働力が大事とのことでした。色々な具体例をお示しいただきましたが、6人目の立場での復帰という言葉が印象的でした。5人の定員でその枠内で復職すると自分ができないことやわからないことが多かったり、時間的に早く帰ったりすると周りに迷惑をかけるということで心苦しくなり続かない。定員の増員ということでの6人目なら、本人も周りも受け入れやすいということです。このような活動で 女性医師も増えると女性医師の専門医志向も上がったということでした。

それぞれの先生のお話は、お立場も違い、視点も違い、なさっていることも違うように思いました。長時間のシンポジウムでしたが、あっという間に時間がたっていました。その根底には今までの認識が通用しなくなってきている。だがなんとかしなければ医療が崩壊する、患者さんが困るようなことを絶対に避けたいという患者さんや医療全体を大切に思う気持ちと意思があるように思いました。女子医大の取り組みにしても、岡山大学の人材センターのお話にしても、長い時間がかかっているようでしたので、仕組みを変えることも難しいことですが、その中でも、人々のマインドセットを変えることが一番難しいことだと思います。でも変えなければいけない時期に来ているということだと私は感じました。そういう意識を持ってまた周りや同じ意識をもつ同僚などと協力して、地道にやれることから行動を起こし、それを広げていくことが大切かと思いました。

素晴らしい内容だったのですが、参加者が少なかったのがとても残念です。ACPでは教育的なセッションが多いので、若い先生方はそちらの方が興味を引くと思われますし、働き方改革は上の人のやることと思っていたりするのかもしれません。ですが社会性を持って働くことは大切ですし、自分さえよければよいという立場ではないはずですので、こういう分野にも興味を持ってもらいたいと思いました。働き方改革は女性だけの問題ではありません。瀧野先生がおっしゃっていたように、女性医師が気持ちよく元気よく働ければ、病院内に良い循環が生まれると思います。しかし女性医師自身もプロフェッショナリズムの意識をきちんともち、患者さんのためということを一番に考えて、時短でも週3回でも、高い医療レベルを提供するべく努力するべきだと思います。私たちの仕事は有難いことに、働きながら学ぶことができます。色々な患者さんを診察し、治療して 症例の経験として、自分のものにすることができます。毎日が勉強です。一つでも多くの知識を得て、早く立派に尊敬される医師になろうとするならば、多くの患者さんをみて経験することです。医師としての自分と家庭での親としての役割など、どちらを重視したいかは各人違うと思いますし、特に女性は自分の意志とは別に、子育て中で子供が小さいと時間的にも家庭に多くの時間を取られることになるでしょう。ワークライフバランスは個別的でもあり、また時間的な要素もあり、難しい課題だと思います。でも男性も女性も、より高いレベルの医療を行える医師であるために、研鑽を積むことは常に必要ですし、幸福感を感じる日々を過ごすことも、人間として不可欠なことだと思います。いつも完璧に過ごすことは不可能だと思いますし、我慢する時期もあるかと思いますが、自分で選んで 自分で道を見据えて日々を歩んでいけるように、男女ともに方策を考えて続けることが必要だと感じました。またその根底には、患者さんを第一に考えること、地域医療を守ることなどProfessionalismがそれぞれの医師の心にしっかり根付いていることが必要とも思われました。

さらに男性だから女性だからというマインドセットを変える時代になってきているのかと思います。自身でも自分を縛らず、また性差や人種差などに関わらず、お互いを認め、自由にそして効率的に仕事をし、個人生活を充実させられる時代になることが求められていると思います。

最後に、素晴らしいご講演をいただいた5人の先生方に心よりお礼を述べたいと思います。企画を立ててくれた副委員長の川嶋乃里子先生の行動力と情報ネットワークに感服しましたし、WC委員のメンバーは、各担当を決めて打ち合わせに連絡にと特に指示することなく 各自で考えて行動してくれました。委員会のメンバーにも感謝したいと思います。

Annals of Internal Medicineに4報のレターが掲載

ACPJC年次総会2018での「レターの書き方」と題したワークショップの結果、ACPの機関誌であるAnnals of Internal Medicineに4報のレターが掲載されました。その過程を片岡裕貴先生から報告いただきましたので、広報いたします。(PRC委員:前田正彦)

・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・

兵庫県立尼崎総合医療センター 呼吸器内科・臨床研究推進ユニット

片岡裕貴

ACPJC年次総会2018において、「レターの書き方」と題したワークショップ(WS)を行い、その結果、ACPの機関誌であるAnnals of Internal Medicine (AIM)に4報のレターが掲載されましたので、その過程をご報告いたします。

もともと筆者らは、「誰でもできる臨床研究」を合言葉に、多忙な日本の臨床現場でも実施可能な臨床研究のやり方を学ぶ各種WSを運営していました。その中の一つに、系統的レビュー(systematic review)を学ぶワークショップがあります(1)。

ご承知のとおり、系統的レビューとは、一つの臨床疑問を元に、その臨床疑問に合致するありとあらゆる研究をまとめる技術であり、その利用はEBMの実践にあたって必須とされています(2)。一方で、研究論文にアクセスすることができて、一定の英語力を元にその解釈ができる人であれば、一定の時間をかければ誰でも実践できる臨床研究でもあります。

系統的レビューの過程においては、組み入れた一次研究のバイアスを評価する、というステップがあります。これを応用すると、レターを書けるということを共同運営者である辻元啓先生が発見し、いくつかのレターを書きました(2)。

この経験を元に、臨床研究の遠隔学習プログラムであるMCR extension (3)において、2日がかりのWSを実施し、実際に受講生がレターを書けるようになる、という効果を確認しました (4)。

その際の受講生はあくまで臨床研究に関して一定の学習経験がある人たちでしたので、このWSを経験のない医師に適応可能か、という疑問を元に、今回のWSを企画・運営することにしました。

実際のプログラムは以下のとおりです。

事前 – 事前学習動画を見る(15 分) https://youtu.be/mQ8BXtw_cVI
– 課題論文(Graham KL, et al. Preventability of Early Versus Late Hospital Readmissions in a National Cohort of General Medicine
Patients. Ann Intern Med. [Epub ahead of print 1 May 2018] doi: 10.7326/M17-1724 http://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/2680053/
preventability-early-versus-late-hospital-readmissions-national-cohort-general-medicine)を読む
当日 「交絡」に着目したRisk of Biasの吟味とポイントの指摘を考えるhttps://drive.google.com/file/d/1NX3ejjD0pmlrxP1MWamnGHODcLO42

FX5/view?fbclid=IwAR01jb0u-zbW40P6CLpC68kc99Gl9wq-WXwl8rhHSqXhFuv5VehQ1_z7Dso

事後 グループごとにレターを投稿

論文は、AIMがACPの機関誌であることに加えて、比較的レターが乗りやすい雑誌であったこと、Epub ahead of printとして掲載されたので、レター投稿の締切(冊子版に載ってから1ヶ月)までゆとりがあることなどを鑑みて選びました。

事前に当院で行ったテスト版には3名、当日は28名(含学生3人)の参加がありました。4通のレターがAIMのウェブサイトに掲載され、その後本誌に掲載されました。のべ13人が著者となり、1st authorとなったのはいずれも臨床論文を書いたことがない人達でした。

レターを書くことは、英語論文を書くことの練習にもなりますし、単なる揚げ足取りにとどまらずに結果を解釈する、という意味で科学的思考を涵養する役にも立つと思います。

資料は全て公開しておりますので、新しい論文をみなさんの施設でジャーナルクラブとして取り上げる際には、ぜひご活用ください。

また、レターを通じて、次にある一次研究としての臨床研究の実践へとつなげていただければと思います。

引用文献

  1. システマティックレビュー(系統的レビュー)作成ワークショップ:誰でもできる臨床研究 https://www.facebook.com/SRworkshop/
  2. Users’ Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill. 2014
  3. 「レター」の書き方の作法-週刊医学界新聞 http://www.igaku-shoin.co.jp/paperDetail.do?id=PA03164_02
  4. MCR extension https://www.google.com/search?q=MCR+extension&hl=en&safe=off
  5. Writing letters to the editor: A workshop. https://www.mededpublish.org/manuscripts/1824?fbclid=IwAR33ZVH1RZRDmgEI3wvbhzYSbi7JRGBf4irDKwb00Z9bvth1jKPRsFnyKOg

掲載されたレター
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30716746
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30716748
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30716749
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30716750

当日の様子

ACP Japan Chapter Scientific Program Committee Interim Report

 

********************************************

Chair: Sugihiro Hamaguchi, MD, FACP

Fukushima Medical University

 

What We Accomplished

We planned and held the ACP Japan Chapter Annual Meeting 2018 at Kyoto University. We attracted almost 700 participants with approximately 40 sessions and 100 abstracts. We invited Dr. Jack Ende, the immediate past president of ACP, and has a constructive discussion with eager participants about “Mind & Arts as Essentials for Internists” in the plenary session. The new session, Kurokawa Award, a competition of clinical research presentations, gained a large amount of attention and gave an initial push for increasing academic atmosphere into the annual meeting.

 

What We Are Working On

We are preparing for the upcoming ACP Japan Chapter Annual Meeting 2019 at the same venues. The theme of the 2019 meeting is “Fostering Lifetime Fundamental Competences for Internists -Beyond Board Certification System-”. The board certification system has been recently revised in Japan and how to integrate mind and experience of general internal medicine into the system remains a great matter of debate in Japan where most medical residents strive to become a life-time specialist. We will have Dr. Robert M. McLean who is the president of ACP to discuss “the wider the general basis, the higher the special peak as a specialist” in plenary lecture before the plenary session with Japanese seasoned physicians.

In addition, we will offer many attractive sessions. The Lecture Marathon starting with Latest Paper reviews is a new session where a summary of the up-to-date papers will be introduced first followed by many short lectures on basic internal medicine will be provided. A special lecture concerning the nuclear plant disaster operation in Fukushima after the East Japan Earthquake will be presented by Dr. Kurokawa. We have also planned the same sessions that are popular in the previous meeting: Dr’s Dilemma (an inter-institutional Quiz tournament by teams of residents), MKSAP, and Kurokawa Award for poster session.

Many attendants will enjoy and learn a lot from English-speaking sessions as well.

We are sure that the increasing number of attendants will be expected to the 2019 meeting with plenty of attractive sessions.

Scientific Program Committee welcomes new members!

New members are joining on!

Hi all,

I am very pleased to introduce the members of Scientific Program Committee (SPC). Nine new members joined the SPC. Please keep in mind these wonderful members.

Best regards,

PRC member Takamasa Miyauchi  MD

Scientific Program Committee

Sugihiro Hamaguchi MD, MSc, PhD, DTMH, FACP

Institution
 
Fukushima Medical University
Department/Division
 
General Internal Medicine
Job Title
 
Professor
Message
 
Think rich, look poor.
Scientific Program Committee

Eiichiro Sando MD

Institution
 
Kameda Medical Center
Department/Division
 
General Internal Medicine
Job Title
 
Deputy Chief
Scientific Program Committee

Sho Sasaki MD, DrPH

Member
Institution
 
Aso Iizuka Hospital
Department/Division
 
Nephrology/Clinical Research Support Office
Job Title
 
Chief physician/Chief advisor
Message
 
Step by step

Hiroyasu Nakano MD

Member
Institution
 
Kawasaki Municipal Tama Hospital
Department/Division
 
Department of medicine, division of gastroenterology and hepatology
Job Title
 
Assitant professor
Message
 
I am not discouraged, because every wrong attempt discarded is another step forward (from Thomas A. Edison).
Scientific Program Committee

Yuki Kaji MD

Member
Institution
 
The University of Tokyo
Department/Division
 
School of Public Health
Job Title
 
Graduate Student (MPH)
Message
 
"To become a doctor implicitly places us on the side of those who believe the world can change (By Jonathan Mann)
Scientific Program Committee

Hiroyoshi Iwata MD, MSc

Institution
 
Tokyo Jikei medical university
Department/Division
 
Clinical Epidemiology
Job Title
 
Phd candidate
Message
 
Every cloud has a silver lining
Scientific Program Committee

Yuka Kitano MD

Member
Institution
 
St.Marianna University School of Medicine, Yokohama Seibu Hospital
Department/Division
 
Emergency Medicine
Job Title
 
Assitant Professor, Physician
Message
 
Always think what's best for the patient.
Scientific Program Committee

Miho Tagawa MD, PhD

Member
Institution
 
Nara Medical University
Department/Division
 
Nephrology
Job Title
 
Clinical Fellow
Message
 
Heaven helps those who help themselves.
Scientific Program Committee

Urara Nakagawa MD, B.Ed.

Member
Institution
 
Sapporo Tokushukai Hospital
Department/Division
 
Primary center
Job Title
 
Vice-president
Message
 
Let it be

Doctor’s Dilemma in ACP Japan Chapter Annual Meeting 2018 (2)

 

Dr. Uchiyama and I joined Doctor’s dilemma on behalf of our hospital. Doctor’s dilemma is one of the most popular part of Japan chapter, which is held every year in Kyoto. Luckily, We could win the championship. This article will be a simple report of my experience. It would be my pleasure if you get a rough image of what ACP Dr’s dilemma is and get interested in it.
Doctor’s dilemma is so called medical knowledge competition. Residents from many hospitals join it in pairs. More and more teams are taking part in it every year. The winner will be given the chance to participate in Doctor’s dilemma held in USA.
Doctor’s dilemma is divided into two parts, Preliminary and Final. In the Preliminary, we used smartphones to answer the questions. The questions were not so difficult, which made us a little bit nervous as losing even one question would be deadly. Ten team passed the Preliminary, which included us.
The Final started after short break. We answered 25 question from 5 areas, GIM, ID, Collagen, Nephro and Hemo. The questions were very practical and connected directly to what we do every day. We finished 25 questions at the second place.
The final question was to diagnose the case. I felt a little bit awkward because I have never seen the disease. However, the case was so typical that we were able to give the right answer. The final question was special because we could bet points as we wanted. We bet all the points and got our score double. We succeeded in making comeback to win.
It was a good match. Many factors contributed to our win. One of the reasons I would like to emphasize is that we belong to Tokyo bay medical center. We bought MKSAP with help and we use it as a self assessment literally. Attending stuffs are also very educative and nice. They Kindly cheered for us on the day. I strongly recommend you come to our hospital.
Finally, I would like to thank everyone who helped holding the ACP Japan chapter. I expect Dr’s dilemma to be even more competitive next year.
Keisuke Takano
Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Center

Drʼs Dilemma に参加して(2)

先のACP日本支部総会におけるDoctor’s Dilemmaで見事優勝した東京ベイ・浦安市川医療センターチームの高野敬佑先生からの寄稿(日本語ver)です。是非、ご覧ください。(PRC 小尾佳嗣)

 この度、京都大学で開催されたACP日本支部のDr’ Dilemmaに参加させて頂きました。パ-トナーにも恵まれ優勝する事ができ、2019年にフィラデルフィアで開催される本選に日本支部代表として参加することになりました。簡単ではありますが、当日の報告をさせて頂きたく思います。
 私はACPの会員ではありましたが毎年京都で行われている日本支部には参加したことはなく、もちろんDr’ Dilemmaという企画の存在も知りませんでした。しかし今回参加してみて、非常に教育的なセッションが多く、充実した2日間を過ごす事ができたと感じています。京都へのアクセスが大変という方もいるとは思いますが、その労力をはるかに上回るものを得られるので、ぜひ1度は参加してみることをお勧めします。
 Dr’ Dilemmaは2日目に行われました。合計20チーム以上が参加していました。予選と決勝の2部構成で、予選ではスマートフォンを使って回答する方式でした。問題の内容はCBT~国家試験レベルで一見簡単ですが、その分1問のミスも許されないレベルの高い争いとなることが予想されたためかえって緊張しました。結果は4問間違いの4位で通過することができました。
 10分ほどの休憩を経て決勝が始まりました。総合内科、感染症、膠原病、腎臓内科、血液内科の5分野から10、20、30、40、50点の5問が出題される形式でした。10~30点は早押しの問題でしたが問題はそれほど難しくなく、各チームが一斉に押している状況でした。我々も必死になってボタンを押しましたがなかなか回答権が得られず、気づいたらトップのチームとは100点ほど差がついていて非常に焦りました。
 40、50点問題は各チームが一斉に回答する方式でした。問題の難易度はやや上がりますが、確実に回答権が与えられ、何よりパートナーと議論してから回答する事ができました。ほぼ全問に正解し、気づいたら2位の状態で最終問題に臨む事ができました。
 最終問題は診断当てでした。自分が診たことがない疾患を鑑別として書くのには抵抗がありましたが、典型的な症例であり自信を持って回答する事ができました。最終問題は持ち点のうち好きなだけかける方式だったのですが、持ち点を全てかけ、結果的に逆転する事ができました。
 振り返ってみると点数は拮抗しており、厳しい戦いでした。運によるところも大きかったと思いますが、我々が優勝する事ができた要因の1つに、当院の総合内科では全員がMKSAPを購入して自己学習教材としている点があると思います。当日は多くのスタッフが応援してくださり本当に良い研修環境だと思っています。もし当院での研修に興味を持たれた方がいらっしゃいましたらご一報いただけると幸いです。
 末筆ではありますが、このような貴重な体験を与えて頂いたACP日本支部の先生方、開催にご尽力されている方々に心から感謝を申し上げたいと思います。多くの方に興味をもって頂き、年々レべルが高くなっていくことを切に願います。
東京ベイ・浦安市川医療センター
高野 敬佑

Doctor’s Dilemma in ACP Japan Chapter Annual Meeting 2018

 

I am honored to report that Dr. Takano and I won first prize in the American College of Physicians (ACP) Doctor’s Dilemma competition in Japan.

At first, my goal in joining the competition was simply to assess my skills as an internist. Since distinguished young doctors from all over Japan would be in the contest, I wanted to compare my abilities to theirs. However, with the support of my partner, Dr. Takano, I ended up winning the championship.

Several factors contributed to our victory. First, we prepared for the competition by working up many MKSAP questions to enhance our medical knowledge. Second, our teamwork might have been superior to that of other teams because Dr. Takano and I have been colleagues since we were junior residents. Above all, I believe that our success resulted from our day-to-day sincere attitude and strong passion for helping every patient we see in our hospital. Our success was cultivated in the excellent environment that the attending doctors in our hospital promote. The victory led me to conclude that our hospital is the ideal place to practice medicine and improve my skills as a physician.

I am quite excited about the chance to participate in the ACP Doctor’s Dilemma Final that will be held in Philadelphia in 2019. Since Japanese teams typically struggle in the tournament, our biggest goal is to win the first game. I have no doubt that we can do it. I look forward to it and will continue to brush up on my medical knowledge until then.

Finally, I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to the attending doctors who gave us the chance to join the competition, the friends who congratulated us, and my family who support me unconditionally.

 

Shuhei Uchiyama

Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Center