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2)Hao YuiRANDŒ¤‹†Šj. Universal health insurance coverage for 1.3 billion people: What accounts for China's success? Health Policy 2015:119:1145-1152.

http://www.healthpolicyjrnl.com/pii/full/S0168-8510(15)00186-4

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3)Govindarajan A, Urbach DR, Kumar M et al. Outcome of daytime procedure performed by attending surgeons after night work. N Engl J Med 2015;373(9):845-853.

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5)Lu H, Holt JB, Cheng YJ et al. Population-based geographic access to endocrinologists in the United States, 2012. BMC Health Services Research 2015;15:541.

 

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6) Delamater PL. Spatial accessbility in suboptimally configured health care systems: A modified two-step floating catchment area (M2SFCA) metric. Health Place 2013;24:30-43.

 

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7) Takaku R. Effects of reduced cost-sharing on children's health: Evidence from Japan. Soc Sci Med 2016;151:46-55.

 

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8) Dunn OJ. Multiple comparisons using rank sums. Technometrics 1964;6:241-252.

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10)Saleh S, Mourad Y, Dimassi H et al. Distribution and predictors of emergency department charges: the case of a tertiary hospital in Lebanon. BMC Health Services Res 2016;16:97.

 

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11)Kitazawa T, Igami T, Sampei Z et al. A bispecific antibody to factor IXa nad X restores factor VIII hemostatic activity in a hemophilia A model. Nature Med 2012;18:1570-1574.

 

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12)“c•Ó˜arA—é–؍FOBo¶—¦‚Ì“s“¹•{Œ§Ši·‚Ì•ªÍBŒú¶‚ÌŽw•W@2016;5:13-21B

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13)Sampei Z, Igawa T, Soeda T et al. Identification and multidimensional optimization of an asymmetric bispecific IgG antibody mimicking the function of Factor VIII cofactor activity. PLoS One 2013;8(2):e57479.

 

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14)Jackman J, Chen Y, Huang A et al. Development of a two-part strategy to identify a therapeutic human bispecific antibody that inhibits IgE receptor signaling. J Biol Chem 2010;285:20850-20859.

 

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15)ó–ì—³‘¾˜YAŒF’JòBƒ^ƒ“ƒpƒNŽ¿‚HŠw‚ğ‹ìŽg‚µ‚½‚‹@”\«“ñd“ÁˆÙ«R‘Ì‚ÌŠJ”­B¶‰»Šw@2014;86:469-473.

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16)Merchant AM, Zhu Z, Yuan JQ et al. An efficient route to human bispecific IgG. Nature Biotechnology 1998;16:677-681.

 

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17)•½ŽR@OB“û—cŽ™Œ’NŽx‰‡ˆêŽž—a‚©‚莖‹Æ‚ÌŽÀ‘Ô’²¸•ñB“ú–{Žq‚Ç‚à‰Æ’둍‡Œ¤‹†Š‹I—vB2003;39:253-261D

 

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18)koike Y, Yanagisawa R, Ogiso Y, et al. Transient deformatuon of neutrophiles in Kawasaki Disease. J Pediatr 2016;173:238-241.

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19)Wei J, Rosen P, Greenspan JS. Physician burnout: What can chairs, chiefs, and institutions do? J Pediatr 2016; 175: 5-6.

 

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20jSepulveda MJ, Roebuck MC, Fronstin P et al. Elimination of the out-of-pocket charge for children's primary care visits: An application of value-based insurance desig. J pediatr 2016;175:195-200.

 

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21)Rodriguez-Puente R, Lazo-Cortes MS. Algorithm for shortest path in geographic information systems by using reduced graphs. SpringerPlus 2013;2:291.

 

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22)“‡“c‹MmAŒ´“c–LB”’l’n}2500‚ğ—p‚¢‚½ŠX‹æ‘ã•\“X‚ÌŽZoBGIS-—˜_‚Ɖž—pB2003G11(1)F101-107D

 

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23)Dijekstra EW. A note on two problems in connexion with graphs. Numerische Mathematik 1959;1:269-271.

 

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24)Herman RE, Koppa D, Sullivan P. sick -child daycare promotes healing and staffing. Nurs Manage 1999;30(4),46-47.

 

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25)Jordan AE. The unsolved child care dilemma: Care for the acutely ill child. Rev Infect Dis 1986; 8(4): 626-630.

 

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26)Landis S, Chang A.Child care options for ill children. Pediatrics 1991;88:705-718.‘˜_

 

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27)Brady MT. Infectios disease in pediatric out-of-home child care. Am J Infect Control 2005;33(5):276-285.iŽå‚ÉŠ´õ—\–h‚Ì‹Lq‚ªŽå‘́j

 

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28)Rodgers FS, Morgan G, Fredericks BC. Caring for the ill child in day care. J Sch Health 1986;56(4):131-133.

 

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29)Giebink GS. Care for the ill child in day-care settings. Pediatrics 1993;91(1):229-233.iNot interstingj

 

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30)LoJacono S. Mildly ill/backup child care: a benefit for employees and employers. Empl Benefits J 2000;25(4):48-51.

 

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31)Îì‰ërB’n—î•ñƒVƒXƒeƒ€‚ğ—p‚¢‚½‘S‘‚Ì•ª•Øˆã—Ë@ŠÖ‚ɑ΂·‚éƒAƒNƒZƒX‚ÌŒŸ“¢B“ú–{ˆã—ÃŒo‰cŠw‰ïŽ@2016;9(1):5-11.

 

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32)Scapinello MP, Posocco A, Ronch ID et al. Predictors of emergency department referral in patients using out-of-hours primary seivices. Health Policy 2016;120:1001-1007.

 

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33)Kuriyama A, Umakoshi N, Fijinaga J et al. Impact of attending physicians' comments on residents' workloads in the emergency department: results from two J(^o^)PAN randomaized controlled trials. PLoS One 2016 11(12):e0167480. DOI:10.1371/journal.prone.0167480.

 

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34)Tsugawa Y, Jena AB, Figueroa JF et al. Comparison of hospital mirtality and readmission rates for Medicare patients treated by male vs female physicians. JAMA Internal Medicine 2016,Dec 19. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.7875

 

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35)Graves BA. Integrative literature review: A review of literature related to geographical information systems, healthcare access, and health outcomes. Perspect Health Inf Menag2008;5:11.

 

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37)“ñ–Ø—§B¡Œã‚Ì’´‚—îE­ŽqŽĞ‰ï‚ğ‚Ç‚¤‚İ‚é‚©H-ˆã—ÁEŽĞ‰ï•Ûá‰üŠv‚ğ—âÃ‚ÉŒ©’¼‚·‚½‚ß‚Ì‘O’ñB“ú–{ˆãŽ–V•ñ@2017F4838:16-17D

 

E­Žq‚—‚ªi‚ñ‚Å‚àA]‘®”N—îlŒû‚̔䗦‚͍‚—îŽÒ‚ª‘‚¦‚Ä‚àŽq‹Ÿ‚ª­‚È‚­‚Å‚»‚̔䗦‚Í‚ ‚Ü‚è•Ï‚í‚ç‚È‚¢‚̂ŁA•}—{•‰’S‚Í‘‘債‚È‚¢B

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38)Pluymen LPM, Smit HA, Wijga AH et al. Cesarian delivery, overweight throughout childhood, and blood pressure in adolescence. J Pediatr 2016;179:111-117.

 

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39)Feikin DR, Nguyen LM, Adazu K, et al. The impact of distance of residence from a peripheral health facility on pediatric health utilisation in rural western Kenya. Trop Med Int Health 2009;14(1):54-61.

 

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40)Maheswaran R, Pearson T, Munro J et, al. Impact of NHS walk-in centers on primary care access times: ecologocal study. BMJ 2007; 7598:838-841.

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41)Schuurman N, Fiedler RS, Grzybowski SCW, et al. Defining rational hospital catchments for non-urban areas based on travel-time. Int J Healtyh Geogr 2006; 5: 43.

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43)Yoo KB, Ahn HU, Park EC et al. Impact of co-payment for outpatient utilization among medical aid bebeficiaries in Korea: a 5-year time series study. Health Policy 2016;120(8):960-966.

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44)Dulin MF, Ludden TM, Tapp H et al. Using geographic information systems (GIS) to understand a community's primary care needs. J Am Board Fam Med 2010;23:13-21.

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45)Lawson FL, Schuurman N, Oliver et al. Evaluating potential spatial access to trauma center care by severely injured patients. Health Place 2013;19:131-137.yd—vz

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54)Song P, Zhu Y, Mao X et al. Asseeing spatial accessibility to maternity units in Shenzen, China. PLoS One 2013;8(7):e70227.

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55)Love D, Lindquist P. The geogrraphical accessibility of hospitals to the aged: a geographic information systems analysis within Illinois. Health Serv Res 1995;29(6):629-651.

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56)Parker EB, Campbell JL. Measuring access to primary medical care: some examples of the use of geographical information systems. Health Place 1998;4(2):183-193.

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57)Howard G, anderson R, Johnson NJ et al. Evaluation of social status as a contributing factor to the stroke belt region of the United States. Stroke 1997;28:936-940.

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58)Doi S, Inoue T, Ide H et al. Using geographic information systems to simulate patient access areas. Stud Health Technol Inform 2014;205:1120-1124.

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59)Vanderschuren M, McKune D. Emergency care facility access in rural areas within the golden hour?: Western Cape case study. Int J Health Geogr 2015;14:5.

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60)Masoodi M, Rahizadeh M. Measureing access to urban health service using geographical information system (GIS): a case study of health seivice management in Bandar Abbas, Iran. Int J health Policy Manag 2015;4(7):439-445.

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61)Luis AA, Cabral. Geographic accessibility to primary healthcare centers in mozambique. Geographic accessibility to primary healthcare centers in Mpzambique. Int J Equity Health 2016;15(1):173.

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62)Foley R. Assessing the applicability of GIS in a  health and social care setting: planning services for informal cares in East Sussex, England. Soc Sci Med 2002;55:79-96.i‚æ‚­‚í‚©‚ç‚È‚¢j

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63)Williams A, Schwartz WB, Newhouse JP et al. How many miles to the doctor? N Engl J Med 1983;309:958-963.

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67)Bradyn L, Beere P. Population access to hospital emergency departments and the impacts of health reform in New Zealand. Health Informatics J 2006;12(3):227-237.

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69)Talen E. Neighbourhoods as service providors: a methodology for evaluating pedestrian access. Environ Plann B Plann Des 2003;30(3):181-200.i‘àj

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70)Martin D, Williams HCWL. Market-area analysis and accessibility to primary health-care centers. Environt and Plannning A 1992;24(7):1009-1019.iNot@Intj

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71)Kadobera D,Sartorius B, Masanja H,et al. The effect of distance to formal health facility on childhood mortality in rural Tanzania, 2005-2007. Glob Health Action. 2012 Nov 9;5:1-9. doi: 10.3402/gha.v5i0.19099.

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72)Apparicio P, Abdelmajid M, Riva M, et al. Comparing alternative approaches to measuring the geographical accessibility of urban health seivices: distance types and aggregation-error issues. Int J Health Geogr 2008;7:7.id—vj

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73)Mizen, Fry R, Grinnell D et al. Quantifying the error associated with alternative GIS-based techniques to measure access to health care services. AIMS Public Health 2015;2(4):746-761.

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74)Vujicic M, Yarbrough C. Estimation premium and out-of-pocket outlays under all child dental coverage options in the federally facilitated marketplace. J Pediatr 2017;182:349-355.

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75)Kara F, Egrest IO. Accessibility of health care institutions: a case study by using GIS. Int J Sci LKnowl 2013;3(4):16-27.

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76)Munoz UH, Kallestal. geographical accessibility and spatial coverage medeling of the primary health care network in the Western Province of Rwanda. Int J Health geogr 2012;11:40.

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77)Talen E, Anselin L. Assessment spatial equity: an evaluation of measures of accessibility to public playgrounds. Environ Plan A 1998;30:595-613.

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78)Delmelle EM, Cassell CH, Dony C et al. Modelling travel impedance to medical care for children with birth defects using geographic information systems. Birth Defects Research (part A) 2013;97:673-684.

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79)Martin D, Wrigley H, Barnett A, et al. Increasing the sophistication of access measurement in anrural healthcare study. Health Place 2002;8(1):3-13.

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80)Gjesfjeld CD. How far?: using geographical information systems (GIS) to eamine maternity care access for expectant mothers in a rural state. Soc Work Health Care 2011;50(9):682-693.

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81)‹¤—§Œ\Ž¡B•¡”‚̍ŒZ‹——£ŒŸõ‚ğ–Ú“I‚Æ‚µ‚½Œo˜HŒŸõƒVƒXƒeƒ€‚Ì’ñˆÄBˆê”ÊŽĞ’c–@lA’n—î•ñƒVƒXƒeƒ€Šw‰ïA2007”N“x‘æ16‰ñu‰‰˜_•¶W

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82)Fone DL, Christie S, Lester N. Comparison of perceived and modelled geographical access to accident and emergency departments: a cross-sectional analysis from the Caephilly Health and Social Needs Study. Int J Health Geogr 2006;5:16.

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83)Apparicio P, Cloutier MS, Shearmur R. The case of Monteal's missing food deserts: evaluation of accessibility to food supermarkets. Int J Health Geogr 2007;6:4.

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84)Christie S, Fone D. Equity of access to tertiary hospitals in Wales: a travel time analysis. J Public Health Med 2003;25(4):344-350.yd—vz

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85)“yˆär—SAˆäã’Aˆäo”Ž¶‚Ù‚©BŠ³ŽÒŽó—ÃŒ—ƒ‚ƒfƒ‹‚É‚æ‚éˆã—ÃŽù—v’´‰ß’nˆæ‚̃}ƒbƒsƒ“ƒOA’nˆæˆã—Эô‚Ì‚½‚ß‚ÌŠ³ŽÒ”‚̏«—ˆ„Œv‚ÆŽù‹‹•]‰¿Bˆã—Ïî•ñŠw@2013;33(6):301-310.

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86)Martin D, Roderick P, Diamond I, et al. Geographical aspects of the uptake of renal replacement therapy in England. Int J Population Geogr 1998;4(3):227-242.EƒCƒ“ƒOƒ‰ƒ“ƒh‚̐tˆÚAAt“§Í‚ւ̃AƒNƒZƒX‰ğÍB

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88)Pearce J, Witten K, Bartie P. Neighbourhoods and health: a GIS approach to measuring community resource accessibility. J Epidemiol Community Health 2006; 60: 389-395.

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89)Wang F, Luo W. Assessing spatial and nonspatial factors for healthcare access: towards an integrated approach to defining health professional shortage areas. Health Place 2005;11:131-146.

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90)Allard SW, Tolman RM, Rosen D. Proximity to service providers and service utilization among welfare recipients: the interaction of place and race. J Pollicy Analysis and Management 2003;22(4):599-613.

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91)Luo W, Wang F. Measures of spatial accessibility to health care in a GIS environment: synthesis and a case study in the Chicago region. Environm and Plannning B: Plannning and Design 2003;30(6):865-884.yd—vz

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92)Witten K, Exeter D, Field A. The quality of urban environment: mapping variation in access to community resources. Urban Studies 2003;40(1):161-177.

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93)Ziliaskopoulos AK, Mahmassani HS. A note on least time path computation considering delays and prohibitions for intersection movements. Transportation ResearchB 1996;30(5):359-367.y‚æ‚­‚í‚©‚炸z

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94)Haynes R, Lovett A, Sunnenberg G. Potential accessibility, travel time, and consumer choice: geographical in general registrations in Eastern England. Environment and Plannning A 2003;35:1733-1750.

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95)Hewko J, Smoyer-Tomic KE, Hodgson MJ. Measuring neibourhood spatial accessibility to urban amenities: does aggregation error matter? Environmenta and Plannning A 2002;34:1185-1206.

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97)Fortner , Rost K, Zhang M, et al. The impsct of geographic accessibility on the intensity and quality of depression treatment. Med Care 1999;37:884-893.

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98)O'Reilly D, Stevensen M, McCay C, et al. General practice out-of-hours service, variations in use and eqality in access to a doctor: a cross-sectional study. Br J Gen Pract 2001;51:625-629.

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99)Boscoe FP, Henry KA, Zdeb MS. A nationwide comparison of driving distance versus straigh-line distance to hospitals. Prof Geogr 2012;64(2):doi:10.1080/00330124.2011.583586.yd—vz

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100)Bamford EJ, Dunne L, Taylor DS, et al. Accessibility to general practitioners in rural South Australia. Med J Australia 1999;171:614-616.

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101)Haynes R, Bentham G, Lovett A, et al. Effects of distance to hospital ans GP surgery on hospital inpatient episode, controlling for needs and provision. Soc Sci Med 1999;49:425-433.

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102)De Luca G,Petrelli A,Landriscina T, et al. Geographic and socioeconomic differences in access to revascularization following acute myocardial infarction. Eur J Public Health 2016;26(5):760-765.

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103)Randcliff E, Delmelle E, Kirby RS, et alDFactors associated with travel time and distance to access hospital care among infants with spina bifida. Matern Child Health J 2016;20:205-217.

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104)Fishman J, McLafferty S, Galanter W. Does spatial access to primary care affect emergency department utilization for nonemergent conditions? Health Serv Res 2016, doi:10.1111/1475-6773.12617.(‚æ‚­‚í‚©‚炸AKDE‚ª•s–¾j

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105)Luo W, Qi Y. An enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA) method for measuring spatial accessibility to primary care physicians. Health Place 2009;15:1100-1107.

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106)Panciera R, Khan A, Rizvi SJR, et al. The influrence of travel time on emergency obstetric care seeking behavior in the urban poor of Bangladesh: a GIS study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2016;16:240. doi 10.1186/s12884-016-1032-7.

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107)Stentzel U, Piegsa J, Freidrich D, et al. Accessibility of general practitioners and selected specialist physicians by car and by public transport in a rural region of Germany. BMC Health Serv Res 2016, doi 10.1186/s12913-016-1839-y.

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108)Shaikh MA, Shabbar M. Spatial distribution and accessibility to public sector tertiary care teaching hospitals in Karachi: a geographic information systems application. J Pak Med Assoc 2016;66(7):889-892.

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109)Donohoe J, Marshall V, Tan X, et al. Spatial access to primary care providers in Appalachia: evaluating current methodology. J Prim Care Community Health 2016;7(3):149-158.

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110)Chong S, Byun R, Jalaludin BB. A feasibility study using geographic access to general practices and routinely collected data in public health and health sresearch. Public health Res Pract 2015;25(4):e2541542.

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111)Roderick P, Clements S, Stone N, et al. Whatdetermines geographical variation in rates of acceptance onto renal replacement therapy in England? J Health Serv Res Policy 1999;4(3):139-146.

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112)McGrail MR, Humphreys JS. Spatial access disparities to primary health care in rural and remote Australia. Geospatial Health 2015;10(2):358.

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113)Tansley G, Schuurman N, Amram O, et al. Spatial access to emergency services in low-and middle-income countries: a GIS-based analysis. PLoS One 2015, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141113.

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114)Jin C, Cheng J, Huang Z, et al. Spatial inequity in access to healthcare facilities at a county levelin a developing country: a case study of Deqing County, Zhejiang, China. Int J Equity Health 2015;14:67.

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115)Vadrevu L, Kanjilal B. Measuring spatial equity and access to maternal health services using enhanced two step floating catchment area method (E2SFCA) - a case study of the Indian Sundaarbans. Int J Equity Health 2016;15:87. doi 10.1186/s12939-016-0376-y

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116)Karkee R, Binns CW, Lee AH. Determinants of facility delivery after implementation of safer mother programme in Nepal: a prospective study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2013;13:193.

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117)Miller HJ. Modelling accessibility using space-time prism concepts within geographical information systems. Int J Geogr Information Systems 1991;5:287-301.

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118)Okabe A, Kitamura M. A computational method for market area analysis on a networl. Geographical Analysis 1996;28:330-349.

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119)Miller HJ. Measuring space-time accessibility benefits within transportation networks: basic theory and computational procesures. Geographical Analysis 1999;31:187-212.

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120)Gittelsohn A, Powe NR. Small area variation in health care delivery in Maryland. Health Ser Res 1995;30:295-317.

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121)Nemet GF, Bailey AJ. Distance and health care utilization among the rural elderly. Soc Sci Med 2000;50:1197-1208.

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122)O'Sullivan D. Using desktop GIS for the investigation of accessibility by public transport: an isochrone approach. Int J Geographical Information Science 2000;14(1): 85-104.

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123)Matsumoto M, Ogawa T, Kashima S, et al. The impact of rural hospital closure on equity of commuting time for haemodialysis patients: simulation analysis using the capacity-distance model. Int J Health Geogr 2012;11:26.

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124)Branas CC, MacKenzie EJ, Williams JC, et al. Access to trauma centers in the United States. JAMA 2005;293:2626-2633.yd—vz

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125)Hameed SM, Schuurman N, Razek T et al. Access to trauma systems in Canada. J Trauma 2010;69:1350-1361.yd—vz

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127)Kwan MP, Hong XD. Network-based constraints-oriented choice set formaion using GIS. Geographical Systems 1998;5:139-162.

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128)Kivell P, Mason K. Trauma systems and major injury centers for the 21st century: an option. Heath Place 1999;5:99-110.

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129)Miller HJ,Wu YH. GIS software for measuring space-time accessibility in transportation planning and analysis. GeoInformatica 2000;43(2):141-159.

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130)Bowring BR. Total inverse solution for the geodesic and great elliptic. Survey Review 1996;22:261(461-476.)

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131)Jones AP, Bentham G, Horwell C. Health service accessibility and deaths from asthma. Int J Epidemiol 1999;28:101-105.

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132)Joyce CM, Wang WC, Cheng TC. Changes in doctors' working hours: a longiotudinal analysis. Med Care Res Rev 2015;72(5):605-621.

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133)Wan N, Zou B, Steinberg T. A three-step floating catchment area method for analyzing spatial access to health services. Int J Geogr Inform Sci 2012;26(6):1073-1089.

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134)Dai D, Wang F. Geographic disparities in accessibility to food stores in southwest Mississippi. Environ Plann B: Plann Des 2011;38:659-677.

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135)Lisonkova S, Sheps SB, Janssen PA, et al. Birth outcomes among older mothers in rural versus urban areas: a residence-based approach. J Rural Health 2011;27:211-219.

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136)Zulian G,Donisi V,Secco G, et al.How are caseload and service utilizatrion of psychiatric services influenced by distance? A geographical approach to the study of community-based mental health services. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2011;46:881-891.

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137)Senior ML, New SJ, Francis BJ. Geographic influences on the uptake of infant immunizations: 2. disaggregate analysis. Environment Planning A 1993;25:467-479.

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138)Slack R, Ferguson B, Ryder S. Analysis of hospitalizaiotn rates by electoral ward: relationship to accessibility and deprivation data. Health Ser Management Res 1007;10:24-31.

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139)Shigeoka H. The effect of patient cost sharing on utilization, health, and risk protection. Am Econ Rev 2014;104(7):2152-2184.

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140)Silverstein M, Sales AE, LKoepsell TD. Health care utilization and expenditures associated with child care attendance: a nationally representative sample. Pediatrics 2003;111(4):e371.

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141)Gabrysch S, Campbell OMR. Still too far to walk: literature review of the detereminants of dilivery service use. BMC Pergnancy Childbirth 2009;9:34 doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-34.

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142)Haynes R, Jones A, Sauerzapf V, et al. Validation of travel times to hospital estimated by GIS. Int J Health Geogr 2006;5:40 doi:10.1186/1476-072X-5-40

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143)Thaddeus S, Maine D. Too far to walk: maternal mortality in context. Soc Sci Med 1994;38(8):1091-1110.i‚æ‚­‚í‚©‚炸A‚½‚¾‚½‚¾’·‚¢j

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144)Cheng Y, Wang J, Rosenberg MW. Spacial access to residential care resources in Beijing, China. Int J Health Geogr 2012;11:32

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145)Hvelplund A, Galatius S, Medsen M, et al. Influence of distance from home to invasive centre on invasive treatment after acute coronary syndrome: a nationalwide study of 24910 patients. Heart 2011;97:27-32.

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146)Raknes G, Hansen EH, Hunskaar S. Distance and utilization of out-of-hours services in an Norwegian urban/rural district: an ecological study. MBMC Health Ser Res 2013;13:222.

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147)Goodman DC, Barff RA, Fisher ES. geographic bariiers to child health services in rural northern New England: 1980 to 1989. 1992;8(2):106-113.

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148)Nicholl J, West J, Goodacre S, et al. The relationship between distance to hospital and patient mortality in emergencies: an observational study. Emerg Med J 2007;24:665-668. doi: 10.1136/emj.2007.047654

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149)Zielinski A, Borgquist L, Halling A. Diatance to hospital and socioeconomic status influence secondary healthcare use. Scand J Primary Health Care 2013;31:83-88.

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150)Curtis S, Congdon P, Almog M, et al. County variation in use of inpatient and ambulatory psychiatric care in New York State 1999-2001: need and supply influences in a stractural model. Health Place 2009;15:568-577.

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151)Mueller S, Exeter DJ, Petousis-Harris H, et al. Measuring disparities in immunization coverage among children in New Zealand Health Place 2012;18:1217-1223.ENZ‚Å‚Ì12‚©ŒŽŽ™i161230l•ªj‚Ì—\–hÚŽí—¦‚̂΂ç‚‚«‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é‰ğÍB

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152)Grzybowski S, Stoll K, Kornelsen J. Distance matters: a popualtion besed study examining access to maternity services for rural women. BMC Health Ser Res 2011;11:147. yd—vz

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153)Boyle PJ, Kudlac H, Williams AJ. geographical variation in the referral of patients with chironic end stage renal failure for renal replacement therapy. Q J med 1996;89:151-157.

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154)Turnbull J, Martin D, lattimer V, et al. Does distance matter? Geographical variation in GP out-of-hours service use: an observational study. Br J Gen Pract 2008;58:471-477.

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155)Carr-Hill RA, Rice N, Roland M. Socioeconomic determinants of tates of consultation in gerneral practice based on fourth national morbidity survey of general practices. BMJ 1996;312:1008-1013.

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156)Sampalis JS, Lavoie A, Williams JI, et al. Impact of on-site care, prehospital time, and level of in-hospital care on survicial in severely injured patients. J Trauma 1993;34(2):252-261.y60•ª‚Å‹æØ‚闝—Rz

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157)samalis JS, Denis R, lavoie A, et al. Trauma care regionalization: a process-outcome evaluation. J Trauma 1999;46(4):565-581.

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158) Juarez PD, Robinson PL, Mattgews-Juarez P. 100% access, zero helath disparities, and GIS: an improved methodology for designating health professions shortage areas. J Health Social Policy 2002;16(1-2):155-167.

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159)Jones AP, Bentham DG, Harrison BDW, et al. Accessibility and health service utilization for asthma in Norfolf, England. J Public Health Med 1998;20(3):312-317.

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160)Pitchforth E, Russell E, Van de Pol M. Access to specialist cancer care: is it equitable? Br J Cancer 2002;87:1221-1226.

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161)Rucker D, Hemmelgarn BR, Lin M, et al. Quality of care and mortality are worse in chronic kidney disease patients living in remote areas. Kidney Int 2011;79:210-217.

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163)SalgadoTM, Moles R, Benrimoj SI, et al. Designing a model to minimize inequities in hemodialysis facilities distribution. Geospatial Health 2011;6(1):5-12.

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164)Toyabe S. Trend in geographic distribution of physicians in Japan. Int J Equity Health 2009;8:5.

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165)Toubiana L, Richard JB, Landais P. Geographical information system for end-stage reral disease: SIGNe, an aid to public health decision making. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2005;20:273-277.

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166)Ayyalasomayajula B, Wiebe N, Hemmelgam BR, et al. A novel technique to optimaize facility locations of new nephrology service for remote areas. Ckin Am Soc Nephrol 2011;6:2157-2164. doi: 10.2215/CJN.01820211

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168)Phillips RL, Kinman EL, Schnitzer PG, et al. Using geographic information systems to understand health care access. Arch Fam Med 2000;9:971-978.

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169)Wing P, reymonds C. The availability of physician servoces: a geographic analysis. Health Ser Res 1988;23(5):649-667.

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170)Walsh SJ, page PH, Gesler WM. Normative models and healthcare plannning: network-based simulations within a geographic information system environment. Health Ser Res 1997;32:243-260.

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171)Rosero-Bixby L. Spatial access to health care in Costa Rica and its wquity: a GIS-based study. Soc Sci Med 2004;58:1271-1284.

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173)Perry B, Gesler W. Physical access to primary health care in Andean Bolivia. Soc Sci Med 2000;50:1177-1188.

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174)Tanihara S, Konbayashi Y, Une H, et al. Urbanization and physician maldistribution: a longitudinal study in Japan. BMC Health Ser Res 2011;11:260.

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175)LaVela SL, Smith B, Weaver FM, et al. geographical proximity and health care utilization in veterans with SCI&D in the USA. Soc Sci Med 204;59:2387-2399.

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176)Weber J, Kwan MP. Evaluating the effects of geographic contexts on individual accessibility: a multilevel approach. Urban Geography 2003;24(8):647-671.

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177)Jones AP, Bentham G. Emergency sedical service accessibility and outcome from road traffic accidents. Public health 1995;109:169-177.

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178)Love RF, Morris JG. Mathematical models of road travel distances. Manage Sci 1979;25(2):130-139.y‚æ‚­‚í‚©‚炸z

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179)Cowley RA, Hudson F, Scanlan E, et al. An economical and proved helicopter program for transporting the emergency critically ill and injured patient in Maryland. J Trauma 1973;13(12):1029-1038.

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180)Rushton G. Methods to evaluate geographic access to health services. J Public Health Management Practice 1999;5(2):93-100.

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181)Fortney J, Rost K, Warren J. Comparing alternative methods of measuring geographic access to health services. Health Ser Outcome Res Methodol 2000;1(2):173-184.

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182)Weber J, Kwan MP. Bringing time back in: a study on the influence of travel time variations and facility opening hours on individual accessibility. Professional Geographer 2002;54(2):226-240.

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183)Larimore WL, Davis A. Relation of infant to the availability of maternity care in rural Florida. J Am Board Fam Pract 1995;8:392-399.

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184)lavelli ACJ, Jager KJ, de Groot MH, et al. Travel time from home to hospital and adverse perinatal outocomes in women at term in the netherlands. BJOG 2011;118:457-465.

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186)Kornelsen J, Grzybowski S. The cost of separation: the birth experiences of women in isolated and remote communities in British Columbia. Can Women Studies J 2005;24:75-80.iƒiƒ‰ƒeƒBƒuj

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187)salisbury C, Trivella M, Bruster S. Demand for and supply of out of hours care from general practitioners in England and Scotland: observational study based on routinely collected data. BMJ 2000;320:618-621.

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188)Trunkey DD. Trauma Sci Am 1983;249(2):20-27.i‘àj

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189)Parker DL. Hospital accessibility and infant death risk. Arch Dos Child 2004;89:232-234.

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190)Katz D, Baptista J, Azen SP, et al. Obtaining confidence intervals for the risk ratio in cohort studies. Biometrics 1978;34:469-474.

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191)Woolf B.On estimating the relation between blood group and disease. Ann Hum Genet 1955;19(4):251-253.

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