The Department of Physiology and Biological Information is part of the School of Medicine at Dokkyo Medical University (DMU). The department started as Physiology (II) in 1973, and it has overseen education and research in the field of neurophysiology. The department has been led by Dr. Kenji Kansaku since 2018.
Dr. Kansaku started his career as a neurosurgeon, and throughout his neurosurgical residency, he observed that impaired brain function caused critical problems. Therefore, he decided that physicians should understand human brain function scientifically to overcome these problems. Since 1997, he has conducted neurophysiology/systems neuroscience research at four government institutes: three in Japan (AIST, NIPS/NINS, NRCD) and one in the US (NINDS/NIH). This research has involved close collaborations between neurophysiologists/systems neuroscientists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, psychologists, information scientists, and engineers. In 2018, he joined DMU as a professor and became chair of the department.
The main goal of the Department of Physiology and Biological Information is to overcome problems caused by impaired brain function. To this end, our department pursues neurophysiology/systems neuroscience research to understand brain function and also to apply scientific knowledge to medical practice. We focus on the representation of abstract concepts such as “time, space, and number” or “body image and sense of self”, as well as practical neuroprosthetics. Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches are taken in the department.
Research and Review Articles
・Okahara Y, Takano K, Nagao M, Kondo K, Iwadate Y, Birbaumer N, Kansaku K. Long-term use of a neural prosthesis in progressive paralysis. Scientific Reports, 2018 8:16787.
・Halder S, Takano T, Kansaku K. Comparison of four control methods for a five-choice assistive technology. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2018 12:228.
・Sato Y, Kawase T, Takano K, Spence C, Kansaku K. Body ownership and agency altered by an electromyographically-controlled robotic arm. Royal Society Open Science, 2018 5(5): 172170.
・Utsumi K, Takano K, Okahara Y, Komori T, Onodera O, Kansaku K. Operation of a P300-based brain-computer interface in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Scientific Reports, 2018 8:1753.
・Takemura Y, Kobayashi S, Kato E, Yamaguchi S, Hori Y. Peripheral nerve injury-induced rearrangement of neural circuit in the spinal dorsal horn revealed by cross-correlation analysis. Neuroscience Letter. 2018 1;662:259-263.
・Koganemaru S, Mikami Y, Maezawa H, Ikeda S, Ikoma K, Mima T. Neurofeedback Control of the Human GABAergic System Using Non-invasive Brain Stimulation. Neuroscience. 2018 1;380:38-48.
・Kawase T, Sakurada T, Koike Y, Kansaku K. A hybrid BMI-based exoskeleton for paresis: EMG control for assisting arm movements. Journal of Neural Engineering, 2017 14(1):016015.
・Wada M, Takano K, Ora H, Ide M, Kansaku K. The rubber tail illusion as evidence of body ownership in mice. The Journal of Neuroscience, 2016 36(43):11133-11137.
・Sakurada T, Kawase T, Komatsu T, Kansaku K. Use of high-frequency visual stimuli above the critical flicker frequency in a SSVEP-based BMI. Clinical Neurophysiology, 2015 126: 1972-1978.
・Matsuzawa R, Fujiwara T, Nemoto K, Fukushima T, Yamaguchi S, Akagawa K, Hori Y. Presynaptic inhibitory actions of pregabalin on excitatory transmission in superficial dorsal horn of mouse spinal cord: further characterization of presynaptic mechanisms. Neuroscience Letter. 2014 13;558:186-91.
・Kansaku, K., Cohen L.G., Birbaumer, N. (Eds) Clinical Systems Neuroscience, Springer, 2015. (ISBN: 978-4431550365)
・Kansaku, K., Cohen L.G. (Eds) Systems Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Springer, 2011. (ISBN: 978-4431539988)
Department of Physiology and Biological Information,
Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine.
880 Kitakobayashi, Mibu, Shimotsuga,
Tochigi 321-0293, Japan
e-mail: dokkyo-physiol2 (at mark) dokkyomed.ac.jp