Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol.51, No.2

Efficacy of Aortic Valve Replacement with Ascending Aorta Grafting under Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest for the Patients with Shaggy/Calcified Aorta
Mayo Kondo* Masanori Nakamura* Hirotaro Sugiyama*
Takeshi Uzuka* Junichi Sakata*

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sapporo City General Hospital*, Sapporo, Japan)

Purpose : The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of aortic valve replacement (AVR)with ascending aorta grafting under hypothermic circulatory arrest for patients with shaggy/calcified ascending aorta based on preoperative and intraoperative assessment of ascending aorta. Methods : From April 2010 to July 2019, 133 patients with aortic stenosis underwent AVR. Based on preoperative computed tomography and intraoperative epi aortic ultrasound, 121 patients were able to have their aorta clamped (C-AVR), while clamping was not possible for 12 patients due to shaggy/calcified in the ascending aorta (Asc-AVR). In Asc-AVR, ascending aorta was replaced to the vascular graft under hypothermic circulatory arrest with retrograde cerebral perfusion followed by AVR. Results : Although operative time and cardiopulmonary bypass time were prolonged and blood transfusion volume was significantly high in Asc-AVR, there were no significant differences in postoperative complications. Although postoperative MRI revealed two silent strokes, no symptomatic neurologic complications occurred in Asc-AVR. Five-year survival rates between groups were comparable (64.2% in Asc-AVR vs. 79.9% in C-AVR, p=0.420). Replacement of ascending aorta was not a risk factor of late death. Conclusion : AVR with ascending aorta grafting under hypothermic circulatory arrest based on preoperative and intraoperative assessment of ascending aorta is an acceptable method for patients with shaggy/calcified aorta.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 51 : 73-79(2022)

Keywords:shaggy aorta ; calcified aorta ; aortic valve replacement ; hypothermic circulatory arrest ; stroke

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