Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol49,No.4

Current Status of Cardiovascular Surgery in Japan:A Report Based on the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database in 2017, 2018. 2. Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Aya Saito1 Hiraku Kumamaru2 Noboru Motomura1
Hiroaki Miyata3 Shinichi Takamoto3

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Toho University Sakura Medical Center1, Sakura, Japan, Healthcare Quality Assessment, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan2 and Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Medicine, Keio University3, Tokyo, Japan)

Data on isolated coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG)performed in 2017 and 2018, and registered in the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database were reviewed for preoperative characteristics, postoperative outcomes, and choice of graft material for the left anterior descending artery(LAD). Isolated CABG was performed off-pump in 54.6%(n=14,684)of all CABG cases(n=26,913), and graft material for the LAD was left internal thoracic artery in 76.4% and right internal thoracic artery in 19.0%. Operative mortality was 1.5% in elective cases(On-pump CABG:ONCAB 1.9%, off-pump CABG:OPCAB 1.2%, p<0.001), 7.4% in emergency cases(ONCAB 10.2%, OPCAB 4.3%, p<0.001), and 2.5% overall. Postoperative morbidity was low in almost all aspects in OPCAB, and average JapanSCORE II is elevating every year. Overall short-term operative results for isolated CABG is stable, and operative candidates are shifting to higher-risk patients.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 49:155-159(2020)

Keywords:off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting;on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting;graft choice

Copyright ©2020 By Japanese Society for Cardiovascular Surgery All rights reserved.