Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol.49, No.2

Bilateral Re-expansion Pulmonary Edema after Cardiac Surgery Successfully Treated with Venovenous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Satoshi Kawatsu* Masayuki Otani* Yuka Tabayashi*
Koki Ito* Katsuhiko Oda*

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Iwate Prefectural Central Hospital*, Morioka, Japan)

A 57-year-old man was admitted with high fever and chest discomfort associated with aortic valve infective endocarditis. An echocardiogram showed severe aortic valve regurgitation. An emergent operation was performed. The aortic valve was destroyed and an annulus abscess was observed. Aortic valve replacement was performed. There was a large amount of pleural effusion in both chest cavities. Bilateral chest drainage was performed. Cardiopulmonary bypass weaning was performed uneventfully. The operation was finished without any mechanical support required. However, respiratory failure was observed to progress rapidly immediately after the operation. A postoperative X-ray showed bilateral pulmonary edema. Re-expansion pulmonary edema was diagnosed. Because oxygenation was not improved in ventilator settings, venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(V-V ECMO)was installed. Respiratory support with V-V ECMO was needed for 17 days postoperatively. It took 36 days before the patient was removed from the ventilator. V-V ECMO successfully managed bilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 49:62-66(2020)

Keywords:infective pericarditis;re-expansion pulmonary edema;respiratory failure;V-V ECMO

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