Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol48,No2

Successful Reversal of Delayed Postoperative Paraplegia Complicating Emergency Total Arch Replacement for Type A Dissection
Kenta Zaikokuji* Akihiro Mizuno* Tatsuhito Ogawa*
Jien Saito*

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nagoya City East Medical Center*, Nagoya, Japan)

We report a rare case of paraplegia after emergency total arch replacement for type A acute aortic dissection. A 52-year-old man was referred to our hospital for acute aortic dissection. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a type A aortic dissection extending from the aortic root into the right iliac arteries. The true lumen of the descending and abdominal aorta was collapsed and blood flow to the right lower limb had decreased. Large entry and re-entry tears were revealed in the ascending and distal arch aorta, respectively. His preoperative consciousness was clear, hemodynamics were stable, and there was no evidence of paraplegia or paraparesis. Extracorporeal circulation was established by femoral artery and right atrium cannulation. Total arch replacement was performed under moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest(lowest bladder temperature:21.9℃). The postoperative course was uneventful and he was extubated 6 h postoperatively. Postoperative hemodynamic parameters were stable, the mean blood pressure was maintained at around 70mmHg, and limb movements were confirmed at that time. Although there was no abnormality of lower limb movement until the following morning, paraplegia occurred about 17 h after surgery. While maintaining a mean blood pressure of over 90mmHg, urgent cerebrospinal drainage was immediately performed and combined with steroid treatment and a continuous infusion of naloxone. The neurological defect was resolved immediately after cerebrospinal drainage, and neurological function steadily improved through rehabilitation. He was discharged 20 days after surgery with no neurological defects. Late paraplegia after total replacement for type A acute aortic dissection is a rare complication. From our experience, it is suggested that early diagnosis and treatment are important for improving paraplegia.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 48:147-151(2019)

Keywords:acute aortic dissection;total aortic arch replacement;paraplegia;cerebrospinal drainage;spinal ischemia

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