Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol48,No2

A Case of Concomitant Extra-Anatomic Bypass to Both Femoral Arteries with Central Repair in a Patient with Aortic Dissection Complicated Ischemia in the Lower Extremities
Shinichi Imai* Masahiro Ueno* Keisuke Yamamoto*
Hironori Inoue* Yasuo Morishita*

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tenyoukai Central Hospital*, Kagoshima, Japan)

We report a case of aortic arch replacement and extraanatomic bypass from a branched graft to both bifemoral arteries in a patient with aortic dissection complicated by ischemia in the lower extremities. A 61-year-old woman was found to have thrombosed type II aortic dissection by enhanced computed tomography(CT). Because she had no clinical symptoms, we chose conservative pharmacotherapy. A year later, she suddenly felt severe back pain and dyspnea. CT demonstrated type IIIb aortic dissection. She developed lower extremity ischemia because the true lumen in the abdominal aorta was severely compressed by the false lumen. Two weeks after onset, we planned a bilateral axillo-femoral bypass because the right lower limb ischemia had worsened, with severe pain. However, CT showed ascending aortic dissection. Hence, emergency graft replacement of aortic arch was required. A T-shaped graft was anastomosed to the bilateral femoral arteries, and was used as a delivery line during cardiopulmonary bypass. Although distal anastomosis of the arch was constructed only to the true lumen, leg ischemia persisted. Therefore, the T-shaped graft was connected to the branched graft used for antegrade systemic perfusion. We used INVOS as an indicator of intraoperative lower limb ischemia, which was useful for judging whether or not revascularization of lower extremity was achieved. After the operation, the bypass graft was patent, and ischemia in the lower extremities disappeared.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 48:142-146(2019)

Keywords:aortic dissection;lower extremities ischemia;femoral bypass

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