Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol47,No6

A Case Report of Re-mitral Prosthetic Valve Replacement due to Bjo¨rk-Shiley Delrin Valve Malfunction after a 38-Year Duration
Hideaki Mori* Hiroki Hayashi* Kazunori Ishikawa*

(Maebashi Red Cross Hospital Department of Cardiovascular Surgery*, Maebashi, Japan)

The patient was a 57-year-old man who, in 1973, at 19 years of age, had undergone mitral valve replacement for mitral valve stenosis using a Bjo¨rk-Shiley Delrin(BSD)valve. When the patient visited our hospital, he was living in an assisted-living facility due to paresis of the right side of the body, dysarthria, and other sequelae of cerebral infarction. The patient was referred to and visited our hospital with a chief complaint of chest pain in 2011, 38 years after the BSD valve was implanted. In 2012, mitral valve re-replacement, aortic valve replacement, and tricuspid annuloplasty were performed for congestive heart failure associated with prosthetic valve failure, combined aortic stenosis and insufficiency, and tricuspid insufficiency, which were identified by transesophageal echocardiography. The patient’s postoperative course was generally favorable. The disc of the resected prosthetic valve showed a groove and bidirectional cracks caused by wear, and its condition suggested a risk of potential rupture. Transthoracic echocardiography on admission showed mild to moderate prosthetic transvalvular regurgitation, and the symptoms were therefore unlikely to have resulted from the prosthetic valve failure alone at this time. Consequently, it was considered that the heart failure was attributed to the prosthetic transvalvular regurgitation caused by the disc abnormalities in addition to the combined valvular disease by transesophageal echocardiography. In this case, detailed investigation of the heart failure by transesophageal echocardiography led to the discovery of prosthetic valve abnormalities, thus enabling the prevention of a serious cardiac accident due to disc rupture. Detailed examination by transesophageal echocardiography is essential, and early surgical intervention should also be considered if transthoracic echocardiography suggests even a minor prosthetic valve abnormality in a patient who has had this prosthetic valve implanted for such a long time.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 47:272-275(2018)

Keywords:Bjo¨rk-Shiley Delrin valve;prosthetic valve malfunction;reoperation

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