Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol47,No3

FDG PET-CT Is Useful for Myocardial Viability Evaluation of Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
Tomohiro Nakajima* Masanori Nakamura* Takeshi Uzuka*
Nobuyoshi Kawaharada**

(Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Sapporo General City Hospital*, Sapporo, Japan, and Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Sapporo Medical University**, Sapporo, Japan)

A 48-year old man consulted a doctor at a nearby medical clinic due to dyspnea and increased body mass which he began to experience in October, 2011. Further evaluation revealed the presence of three-vessel severe coronary artery disease, poor left ventricular function, and mitral valve regurgitation. Transthoracic echocardiography showed anterior wall asynergy and left ventricular enlargement. Reconstruction of the left ventricle was contemplated during the preoperative evaluation. The patient underwent hemodialysis for chronic renal failure prior to admission. Generally, delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI is used for cardiac viability assessment. However, gadolinium is contraindicated in a patient with chronic renal failure owing to the risk of development of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. Thus, gadolinium-enhanced MRI is contraindicated in the patient. Instead, we used fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography(FDG-PET)computed tomography(CT)to assess myocardial viability. Consequently, viability was assessed except for a part of the apical electrode in the left anterior descending artery territory. Subsequently, revascularization and mitral valve annuloplasty with coronary artery bypass grafting of five vessels were performed in January, 2012 without left ventricular reconstruction. A left ventricular assist device was used postoperatively, from which he was later weaned. The outcome was good because post-operative left ventriculography revealed improvement in left ventricular wall motion. This case is presented including bibliographical comments on the effectiveness of FDG PET-CT for assessment of myocardial viability.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 47:123-127(2018)

Keywords:myocardial viability;hemodialysis;FDG PET-CT;left ventricular plasty

Copyright ©2018 By Japanese Society for Cardiovascular Surgery All rights reserved.