Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol46,No6

A Surgical Case of Residual Axillary Artery Aneurysm Associated with Kawasaki Disease
Kentaro Sawada*,** Yukio Hosokawa** Hinako Sakurai**
Ryo Kanamoto** Shinichi Imai** Yusuke Shintani**
Shinichi Nata** Shinichi Hiromatsu** Hidetoshi Akashi**
Hiroyuki Tanaka**

(Department of Surgery, Saiseikai Futsukaichi General Hospital*, Fukuoka, Japan, and Department of Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine**, Kurume, Japan)

We herein report on a case in which we conducted bypass surgery for occlusion of a left axillary artery aneurysm with ischemic symptoms 21 years after the contraction of Kawasaki disease and achieved symptomatic improvement. The case involved a 22-year-old man who had been suffering from Kawasaki disease since the age of one. He had been undergoing antiplatelet therapy for bilateral axillary artery aneurysms by orally taking aspirin for 20 years. He suffered from symptoms of upper limb ischemia 21 years after receiving a diagnosis of peripheral aneurysms and occlusion of a left axillary artery aneurysm upon 3DCTA. We conducted aneurysmotomy, plication, and bypass surgery between the axillary and brachial arteries via the autologous vein. Pathological examination revealed due to the formation of atheroma in the tunica intima and disarrangement of the layer structure in the tunica media:thickening of the tunica media was partially observed. His fatigue upon exertion of his left upper extremity remarkably improved following surgery. Although peripheral aneurysms associated with Kawasaki disease are rare, as seen in this case, peripheral arterial disease remains and progresses even after long periods of time. It is believed necessary to carry out long term follow-up and examine the approaches to therapy including surgery in accordance with the site and degree of the disease.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 46:320-324(2017)

Keywords:Kawasaki disease;axillary artery aneurysm;peripheral arterial aneurysm;upper extremity bypass;finger clubbing

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