Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery Vol43,No6

A Case of Constrictive Pericarditis after Open-Heart Surgery Effectively Treated with Pericardiectomy

Nagi Hayashi Kojiro Furukawa Hideya Tanaka
Hiroyuki Morokuma Manabu Itoh Keiji Kamohara and Shigeki Morita

(Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Saga University, Saga, Japan)

Constrictive pericarditis after open heart surgery is a rare entity that is difficult to diagnose. There are various approaches in the surgical treatment of pericarditis. We performed a pericardiectomy on cardiopulmonary bypass via a median approach with good results. A 67-year-old man underwent mitral valve repair in 2005. He began to experience easy fatigability as well as leg edema beginning in January 2010 for which he was treated medically. The fatigability worsened in July 2012. Echocardiography at that time was unremarkable. However, CT and MRI showed pericardial thickening adjacent to the anterior, posterior, inferior, and left lateral wall of the left ventricle. Bilateral heart catheterization revealed dip and plateau and deep X, Y waves as well as end-diastolic pressure of both chambers approximately equal to the respiratory time. He was diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis and taken to surgery. The chest was entered via median sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass was initiated to facilitate complete resection of the pericardium. The left phrenic nerve was visualized and care was taken to avoid damage to the structure. A part of the pericardium was strongly adherent to the epicardium. We elected to perform the waffle procedure. After pericardial resection, cardiac index improved from 1.5l/min/m2 to 2.7l/min/m2, and central venous pressure improved from 17 to 10mmHg. Postoperatively, dip and plateau disappeared as measured via bilateral heart catheterization and diastolic failure improved. In the treatment of constrictive pericarditis, we should resect as much of the pericardium as possible. Depending on the case, this can be facilitated by median sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass.


Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 43:331-335(2014)

Keywords: constrictive pericarditis;pericardiectomy;post cardiac surgery

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