Use of Aortic Valved Grafts for Apico-aortic Conduit Bypass

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Kumamoto Hospital, Kumamoto, Japan, and Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saku Central Hospital*, Saku, Japan)

Sojiro Sata Ryusuke Suzuki Toshiaki Watanabe
Mai Matsukawa Keiko Hiroshige Shunji Osaka
Toshiya Koyanagi Takahiro Takemura*
We describe the case of a 60-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis and severe calcification of the thoracic aorta, who underwent an apico-aortic conduit bypass using an aortic valved graft. Because of stenosis of the annulus of the aortic valve and severe calcification of the thoracic aorta(porcelain aorta), we did not perform ordinary aortic valve replacement. Instead, apico-aortic conduit bypass surgery was performed using a St. Jude Medical Aortic Valved Graft(19-20mm:St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN, USA)and cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB)surgery was performed using descending aortic perfusion and left pulmonary artery drainage, while the subject was in the right decubitus position. The descending aorta was clamped and a 20-mm graft(Hemashield Platinum;Boston Scientific/Medi-tech, Natick, MA, USA)was sutured to it. Under ventricular fibrillation, the left ventricular apex was circularly resected using a puncher with a diameter identical to that of the 20-mm graft, in order to create a new outflow for the conduit bypass. The graft was sutured to the outflow, and a torus-shaped equine pericardial sheet was used to reinforce the suture line. After recovery of the heartbeat, the aortic valved graft was first sutured to the graft at the outflow and then to the graft at the descending aorta. The CPB time was 285 min and ventricular fibrillation time was 36 min. Therefore, the benefits of using an aortic valved conduit for apico-aortic conduit bypass are reduced operation time, since there is no need to prepare a handmade valve conduit, and easy management of the grafts which are made of the same material.
  Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 39:250-253(2010)

Keywords:apico-aortic conduit, porcelain aorta, aortic stenosis, aortic valve replacement