A Case of Aortic Valve Rereplacement due to Complications of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

(The Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Anjo Kosei Hospital, Anjo, Japan)

Hitoshi Suzuki Hideki Ito Keizo Tanaka
Shinji Kanemitsu Jin Tanaka Yoshihiko Kinoshita
A 64-year-old man who underwent aortic valve replacement with a 25 mm Bjork-Shiley valve in 1993 began to have severe anemia and required repeated transfusions by November 2003. Doppler echocardiography showed only mild aortic regurgitation, but revealed turbulent flow around the mechanical valve. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) was diagnosed and he was treated with prednisolone (PSL) starting May 2004. Because of unremitting hemolysis requiring multiple transfusions and the occurrence of renal dysfunction, he underwent rereplacement of the aortic valve with a 25-mm Freestyle valve. His hemolysis and general condition immediately improved. This case suggests the possibility that mild regurgitant jet and turbulent jet stress can cause severe hemolysis when AIHA develops.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 36: 45-47 (2007)