Total Aortic Arch Replacement for Ruptured Aortic Arch Aneurysm in a 92-Year-Old Woman

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hiroshima General Hospital, Hatsukaichi, Japan)

Norifumi Shigemoto Tatsuya Nakao Yasushi Kawaue
Shingo Mochizuki
We report a case of total aortic arch replacement for ruptured aortic arch aneurysm in an oldest-old person. The patient was a 92-year-old woman with hypertension, who had normal daily activity. She consulted another hospital because of hemoptysis. A chest roentgen exam showed an outpouching of the first left arch. In our hospital, chest computed tomography revealed a saccular thoracic aortic aneurysm, 43mm in maximum diameter, which seemed to be the cause of hemoptysis. The patient and her family wanted to have operation. While waiting for the operation, she coughed up a large amount of blood and suffered respiratory failure, requiring a mechanical respirator. Two days later, in the operation room, she coughed up a large amount of blood again and suffered long term hypoxygenation. Though she underwent total aortic arch replacement, she developed septic shock with MRSA pneumonia. However, she was weaned from ventilatory support on the 24th postoperative day. On the 86th postoperative day, ambulatory was possible. She had no ischemic cerebral damage. In extensively elderly patients, careful attention must be paid to decide an the indications for highly invasive surgery such as total aortic arch replacement.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 36: 37-40 (2007)