Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage as a Useful Treatment to Relieve Paraplegia Caused by Acute Type A Aortic Dissection

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan)

Kouki Takahashi Hirono Satokawa Toshizumi Shirai
Yoichi Sato Takashi Ono Shinya Takase
Hiroki Wakamatsu Yoshiyuki Sato Hitoshi Yokoyama
We report a rare case of acute type A aortic dissection with paraplegia which was reversed using cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CFD). The patient was a 80-year-old man who was admitted with acute back pain and paraplegia. Computed tomographic scans showed an acute type A aortic dissection. Four hours after onset of paraplegia, CFD was initiated by inserting an intrathecal catheter at L3-L4. Cerebrospinal fluid was drained freely by gravity whenever the pressure exceeded 10cmH2O. After 32h, the neurological deficit was completely resolved. CFD can be considered a useful treatment in patients with paraplegia after acute aortic dissection.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 35: 173-176 (2006)