A Case of Redo Mitral Valve Replacement (MVR) Complicated with Prosthetic Valvular Endocarditis (PVE) and Vertebral Osteomyelitis Post MVR

(Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ome Municipal General Hospital, Ome, Japan and Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Tokyo Medical and Dental University*, Tokyo, Japan)

Naoto Miyagi Nagahisa Oshima Toshizumi Shirai
Makoto Sunamori*
A 74-year-old woman was given a diagnosis of mitral regurgitation (MR) and tricuspid regurgitaton (TR) underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR) and tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP). Pacemaker implantation was necessary because of postoperative atrial fibrillation (Af) followed by bradycardia on the postoperative day 14. Five months later, she was again admitted to our hospital because of fever. A blood culture revealed Streptococcus sangius. Symptoms improved with the administration of antibiotics. Twenty days after discharge, she suffered back pain and fever. A CT scan showed destructive changes in the thoracic vertebrae and echocardiography revealed mitral vegetations. A blood culture revealed Streptococcus agalactiae. Symptoms subsided with the administration of antibiotics. However, new mitral regurgitation was recognized so the patient underwent redo MVR. The patient's recovery was uncomplicated after surgery, and she was discharged on the 104th post-operative day.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 35: 72-75 (2006)