Surgical Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Coexisting with Coronary Artery Disease

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kameda General Hospital, Kamogawa, Japan)

Susumu Manabe Masaaki Toyama Isamu Kawase
Masanori Kato TomoyaYoshizaki Haisong Wu
Mitsuhisa Kotani
This study was designed to evaluate the optimal surgical treatment strategy for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) coexisting with coronary artery disease (CAD). Twenty-six patients (21 men and 5 women with a mean age of 72.6}3.7years old) who required surgical treatment of both conditions were examined. Eleven patients underwent a one-stage operation. Four of them had on-pump CABG and 7, including 3 high-risk-patients, underwent off-pump CABG. There were no operative mortalities, but 3 patients had severe morbidity (respiratory failure, acute renal failure, pneumonia). Fifteen patients underwent a two-stage operation. None of them had rupture of the AAA during the interval between the two operations, but 2 patients with large AAA (more than 6cm in diameter) required emergency operation due to impending rupture of the AAA. There was no operative mortality, but one patient suffered acute renal failure. One-stage operation for low-risk patients seems to be a safe and reasonable strategy. One-stage operation for high-risk patients should be performed cautiously, and off-pump CABG is especially useful in such patients.
@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 32F1-5i2003)