Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Dialysis Patients

Hiroyuki Tanaka Takashi Narisawa Takanobu Mori
Mikio Masuda Takashi Suzuki Toshihiro Takaba

(Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, Yokohama, Japan and First Department of Surgery, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan)

In dialysis cases complicated with ischemic heart disease, there are many problems, such as poor preoperative general condition, calcified aorta, water-electrolyte control, and the necessity for other simultaneous operations. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) was considered very useful in coping with these problems. OPCAB, employed in five cases, was compared with conventional coronary artery bypass grafting with extracorporeal circulation (ECC group, 9 cases). Regarding preoperative coexisting diseases, collagen diseases, porcelain aorta, cerebral infarction, and others were recognized in the OPCAB group in 3 of 5 cases. Emergency operations were performed in 5 of 9 cases in the ECC group, and in 2 of 5 cases in the OPCAB group. The bypass number (3.2 vs. 2.0) and complete revascularization rate (7 of 9 vs. 2 of 5), tended to be higher in the ECC group. The OPCAP group was significantly superior in blood transfusion (6.7 vs. 3.0u), postoperative CK-MB (63 vs. 33u), and the postoperative usual hemodialysis commencing time (4.2 vs. 1.0 day). Concerning use of postoperative IABP (3 of 9 vs. 0 of 5), and postoperative ventilator weaning time (2.7 vs. 1.0 day), a good tendency was shown in the OPCAB group. Although a high mortality rate (2 of 5) was recognized in OPCAB group compared with ECC group (1 of 9), those were urgent cases who had a very poor preoperative condition, and both cases suffered non-cardiac deaths. Excluding special cases, such as an unstable hemodynamic state requiring assisted circulation, and poor coronary run off, OPCAB seems useful for the treatment of coronary artery disease in dialysis patients.@
@@Jpn. J. Cardiovasc. Surg. 31: 105-109 (2002)