Serial article: Vol. 5 Using multivariate regression models for causal inference (The Igaku Kaisha Shimbun, Assistant Professor Inoue)

The latest installment of “Lecture on Causal Inference for Clinical and Epidemiological Research,” a series of articles by Assistant Professor Kosuke Inoue, has been published in Igakukai Shimbun.

Vol. 5 Using multivariate regression models for causal inference (from Weekly Igakukai Shimbun (regular issue) No. 3431, August 02, 2021)

Kosuke Inoue’s website is here:

Report: List of papers read by lab members between April and July

From April to July, our lab members read these papers.

Tangari G, Ikram M, Ijaz K, Kaafar MA, Berkovsky S. Mobile health and
privacy: cross sectional study. BMJ. 2021 Jun 16;373:n1248. doi:
10.1136/bmj.n1248. PMID: 34135009; PMCID: PMC8207561.

Marsh AD, Muzigaba M, Diaz T, Requejo J, Jackson D, Chou D, Cresswell
JA, Guthold R, Moran AC, Strong KL, Banerjee A, Soucat A; Effective
Coverage Think Tank Group. Effective coverage measurement in maternal,
newborn, child, and adolescent health and nutrition: progress, future
prospects, and implications for quality health systems. Lancet Glob
Health. 2020 May;8(5):e730-e736. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30104-2.
PMID: 32353320; PMCID: PMC7196884.

Cole SR, Edwards JK, Greenland S. Surprise! Am J Epidemiol. 2021 Feb
1;190(2):191-193. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwaa136. PMID: 32648906; PMCID:

Rothman KJ. Rothman Responds to “Surprise!”. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 Feb
1;190(2):194-195. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwaa137. PMID: 33524113.

Galea S, Hernán MA. Win-Win: Reconciling Social Epidemiology and
Causal Inference. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 Mar 2;189(3):167-170. doi:
10.1093/aje/kwz158. PMID: 31579911; PMCID: PMC7443199.

Park JJ, Coumbe BG, Park EH, Tse G, Subramanian SV, Chen JT.
Dispelling the nice or naughty myth: retrospective observational study
of Santa Claus. BMJ. 2016 Dec 14;355:i6355. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i6355.
PMID: 27974338; PMCID: PMC5156612.

Soga, Masashi, and Kevin J. Gaston. “Extinction of experience: the
loss of human–nature interactions.” Frontiers in Ecology and the
Environment 14.2 (2016): 94-101.

Inoue K, Nianogo R, Telesca D, Goto A, Khachadourian V, Tsugawa Y,
Sugiyama T, Mayeda ER, Ritz B. Low HbA1c levels and all-cause or
cardiovascular mortality among people without diabetes: the US
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2015. Int J
Epidemiol. 2020 Dec 30:dyaa263. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyaa263. Epub ahead
of print. PMID: 33378417.

Glymour MM, Weuve J, Berkman LF, Kawachi I, Robins JM. When is
baseline adjustment useful in analyses of change? An example with
education and cognitive change. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Aug
1;162(3):267-78. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwi187. Epub 2005 Jun 29. PMID:

Westreich D, Greenland S. The table 2 fallacy: presenting and
interpreting confounder and modifier coefficients. Am J Epidemiol.
2013 Feb 15;177(4):292-8. doi: 10.1093/aje/kws412. Epub 2013 Jan 30.
PMID: 23371353; PMCID: PMC3626058.

Baiocchi M, Cheng J, Small DS. Instrumental variable methods for
causal inference. Stat Med. 2014 Jun 15;33(13):2297-340. doi:
10.1002/sim.6128. Epub 2014 Mar 6. Erratum in: Stat Med. 2014 Nov
30;33(27):4859-60. Erratum in: Stat Med. 2019 Sep 10;38(20):3960.
Erratum in: Stat Med. 2020 Sep 10;39(20):2693. PMID: 24599889; PMCID:

Sharifi A, Khavarian-Garmsir AR. The COVID-19 pandemic: Impacts on
cities and major lessons for urban planning, design, and management.
Sci Total Environ. 2020 Dec 20;749:142391. doi:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142391. Epub 2020 Sep 18. PMID: 33370924;
PMCID: PMC7499053.

van Wijngaarden E, Leget C, Goossensen A. Ready to give up on life:
The lived experience of elderly people who feel life is completed and
no longer worth living. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Aug;138:257-64. doi:
10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.05.015. Epub 2015 May 13. PMID: 25982088.

Media Coverage: Depression Risk Research among Farmers: The Need for Mutual Aid across the Community (Special Research Student Mariko Kanamori)

Special research student, Mariko Kanamori’s paper was introduced in several newspapers.

“Farmers’ depression risk study: Helping each other beyond the community is necessary” San-in Chuo Shimpo (July 5, 2021)

In addition, Okinawa Times, Kobe Shimbun, Nihonkai Shimbun, Kochi Shimbun (Kochi), Sanyo Shimbun (Sanyo)
(Kochi), Sanyo Shimbun, Niigata Nippo, Fukushima Minpo, Iwate Nippo, Saitama Shimbun, Tokyo Shimbun, Minami-Nippon Shimbun, Akita Sakigake, San-in Chuo Shimpo, Tooku Nippo, Yamagata Shimbun, Nagasaki Shimbun, Saga Shimbun

Mariko Kanamori, a veterinarian and graduate student at the University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, who is a member of the team, said, “Farming is a job that requires a lot of mutual help in the community. If there are few peers in the community, it may be difficult to help each other, which may affect mental health. I think it is necessary to enhance the system to help each other across the region.

Kanamori, M., Hanazato, M., Kondo, K., Stickley, A., & Kondo, N. (2021). Neighborhood farm density, types of agriculture, and depressive symptoms among older farmers: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1-11 .

Mariko Kanamori’s website is here.

Media Coverage: JAGES – Vaccination rate doubles with family doctor

In the latest issue of the Weekly Health News, a study conducted by Dr. Koryu Sato and his colleagues at our department using data from the Japan Aging and Geriatric Evaluation Study (JAGES) was introduced.

The study suggested that the vaccination rate of pneumococcal and influenza vaccines is about twice as high when a family doctor is present.

JAGES – Vaccination rate doubles with family doctor
Weekly Public Health News No. 2098, February 22, 2021 (33)

The paper is here.
Sato K, Kondo N, Murata C, Shobugawa Y, Saito K, Kondo K. Association of pneumococcal and influenza vaccination with patient-physician communication in Older adults: A nationwide cross-sectional study from the JAGES 2016. doi: 10.2188/jea.JE20200505. epub ahead of print. PMID: PMID: 33551389.

Click here to visit Koryu Sato’s website.

Publication notice: White Paper on Social Prescribing (Orange Cross)

The “White Paper on Social Prescribing,” written in part by Naoki Kondo and Daisuke Nishioka of our department, has been published.

Some of the people who visit medical institutions have various social issues.
Social prescribing” has been attracting attention as an approach to addressing such issues.

This white paper examines how “social prescriptions” can be tailored to the actual situation in Japan.

It is rich in data and illustrations. We hope you will find it useful.

Orange Cross Japan Foundation Project to Study the Japanese Version of “Social Prescription” (website)

White Paper on Social Prescription (PDF)

Nishioka, Daisuke; Kondo, Naoki. Literature review on cases and effects of social prescribing: Possibilities and challenges of how to deal with patients’ social issues in Japan. Medicine and Society, 2020, 29.4: 527-544.
Available at (in Japanese):

Daisuke Nishioka s website is here.

Report: Lecture at a seminar on comprehensive community care (Nomura Research Institute, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare)

Naoki Kondo spoke at the seminar on organic cooperation and role sharing within local governments for the establishment of a comprehensive regional care system.

Seminar on Organic Cooperation and Role-Sharing within Local Governments for Building a Comprehensive Community Care System
Lecture: “Regional Diagnosis and Organizational Cooperation for Community Organization and Its Effects
Lecturer: Naomi Kondo

Date: Wednesday, March 17, 2021, 13:30-16:00
Location: Online (Zoom Webinar)
Target audience: Those involved in the promotion of comprehensive community care, municipal employees in the Kanto-Shinetsu Health and Welfare Bureau, prefectural and municipal employees involved in municipal support, etc.

Announcement: Supervising Garmin’s New Project

Naoki Kondo will be supervising a new global project for Garmin, a long-established GPS device manufacturer in the United States.

The new project is called Garmin Health, and it is designed to help people manage and improve their health not only in sports and activity situations, but also in their daily lives.

For more information about the Garmin Health Guide, please visit the Garmin Health Guide website (in Japanese).

Click here for three health tips to avoid overdoing it.

Try to measure your physical condition and behavior.
Make friends who can praise each other.
Declare your goals to those around you.

Report: Minutes of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government’s Health Promotion Plan 21 Promotion Conference Released

The minutes and documents of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government’s Health Promotion Plan 21 (Second Stage) Promotion Conference and the Policy Review Subcommittee, where Naoki Kondo serves as a member, have been newly released.

The minutes and documents are here (in Japanese).

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government’s Health Promotion Plan 21 (Second Stage) is a health promotion policy promoted by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.
Its main goals are to “extend healthy life expectancy” and “reduce health disparities”.

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government’s Health Promotion Plan 21 (Second Stage) was originally planned for a period of 10 years from FY2013 to FY2022.
However, in light of the impact of the new coronavirus infection, the plan period was extended by one year to 11 years, from FY2013 to FY2023.