Takao Taniguchi, Xin-Tian Fan, Ken Kitamura and Tetsuo Oka (*)
Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tokai University, Isehara 259-1193, Japan
(*) To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Abstract: The intra-third-ventricular (i.t.v.) administration of [Met5]-enkephalin (enk) to rats pretreated i.t.v. with three peptidase inhibitors (PIs), amastatin, captopril and phosphoramidon, inhibited the tail-flick response. The enk-induced inhibition was augmented by increasing the doses of the three PIs, with the maximum inhibition being attained at the doses of 10 nmol each. The enk-induced inhibition in rats pretreated with any combination of two PIs, however, were markedly smaller than that in rats pretreated with all three PIs, indicating that three kinds of enzymes all played important roles in the inactivation of enk. The inhibitory effect of enk on the tail-flick response in rats pretreated with the three PIs at doses of 10 nmol each was approximately tenfold higher than that of morphine. The relative anti-nociceptive potencies of enk and morphine were similar to the relative inhibitory potencies obtained previously with the isolated guinea pig ileum pretreated with the three PIs, indicating that the hydrolysis of the i.t.v. administered enk was largely prevented by the three PIs. However, the magnitude of the enk-induced inhibition in rats pretreated s.c. with the three PIs indicated that the hydrolysis of enk injected i.t.v. was not largely prevented by the s.c. administration of three PIs at doses up to 10 micromol each/kg.
Keywords: [Met5]-enkephalin, Anti-nociception, Amastatin, Phosphoramidon, Captopril