Jpn. J. Pharmacol. 75 (4), 451-454 (1997)

Enhancement of Membrane Damage by Saponins Isolated from Acacia auriculiformis

Santi Prasad Sinha Babu (1), Debapriya Sarkar (2), Naba Kumar Ghosh (1), Arpita Saha (1), Nirmal Chandra Sukul (1) and Shelley Bhattacharya (2)

(1) Parasitology Laboratory, (2) Environmental Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan- 731 235, West Bengal, India

Abstract: Acaciaside A and B, two acylated triterpenoid bisglycosides isolated from the funicles of Acacia auriculiformis, are known to have antihelmintic activity. Since the saponins contain a conjugated unsaturated system that is highly susceptible to peroxidation, we investigated the interaction of saponins and membrane using rat liver microsomes as our model. Microsomal membranes were incubated with saponins at 30C for 2 hr. Following incubation, lipid peroxidation was measured in terms of malondialdehyde and conjugated diene. Our results showed that incubation of microsomal membranes with saponins increased both malondialdehyde and conjugated diene. The results suggest that in our model, saponins enhance the membrane lipid peroxidation.

Keywords: Saponin, Membrane damage, Lipid peroxidation

Copyrightę The Japanese Pharmacological Society 1997

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