Hideo Honda, Hisayuki Ishihara, Mai Takei and Hiroshi Kogo
Department of Pharmacology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, 1432-1, Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 193-03, Japan
Abstract: Acetylcholine (ACh)-induced relaxation in the aortae precontracted with norepinephrine was significantly enhanced in the aortae from estrus (E) rats, compared with that in those from metestrus (D-1), diestrus (D-2) and proestrus (PE) rats. NG-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) inhibited the endothelium-dependent relaxation in E rats. These results suggest that there is a difference in ACh-induced relaxation of the thoracic aorta during the sexual cycle of rats, and the relaxation is greatest in E of the sexual cycle; this may be due to a difference in nitric oxide synthesis in the endothelium in the sexual cycle.
Keywords: Sexual cycle, Nitric oxide, Aorta