Ching-Wei Chang (1), Feng-Nien Ko (1), Ming-Jai Su (1), Yang-Chang Wu
(2) and Che-Ming Teng (1,*)
(1) Pharmacological Institute, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, No.1, Jen-Ai Rd., 1st Section, Taipei 10018, Taiwan
(2) Graduate Institute of Natural Products, Kaohsiung Medical College, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
(*) To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Abstract: Ocoteine, isolated from Cassytha filiformis, was found to be an alpha1-adrenoceptor blocking agent in rat thoracic aorta as revealed by its competitive antagonism of phenylephrine-induced vasoconstriction (pA2 = 7.67+/-0.09). Removal of endothelium from the aorta did not affect its antagonistic potency (pA2 = 7.97+/-0.07). [3H]-Inositol monophosphate formation caused by noradrenaline (3 microM) was suppressed by ocoteine (10 microM) and prazosin (3 microM). Ocoteine did not affect the contraction induced by U-46619, prostaglandin F2alpha or angiotensin II, but inhibited slightly those by high K+ and endothelin I. Neither the cyclic AMP nor cyclic GMP content of rat thoracic aorta was changed by ocoteine (10 microM). Comparing the EC50 values, the potency of ocoteine against 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) was about 60 times less than that against phenylephrine. Ocoteine (10 microM) also slightly antagonized the clonidine-induced inhibition of the twitch response evoked by field stimulation in rat vas deferens. In guinea pig trachea, the contraction caused by carbachol, histamine, neurokinin A or leukotriene C4 and beta2-adrenoceptor-mediated relaxing responses induced by isoprenaline were not affected by ocoteine (10 microM). The voltage clamp study in rat ventricular single myocytes revealed that ocoteine (3, 10 microM) inhibited steady state outward currents, but not transient outward currents or slow inward Ca2+ currents. It is concluded that ocoteine is a selective alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist in isolated rat thoracic aorta. At high concentrations, it also blocks 5-HT receptors and Na+ and steady state outward currents in rat ventricular myocytes.
Keywords: alpha1-Adrenoceptor antagonist, Ocoteine, Thoracic aorta (rat), Cassytha filiformis