Yoshinori Iwahisa, Shuji Yamaguchi, Masahiko Kagoshima and Michio Terasawa
Research Laboratories, Yoshitomi Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd., 955 Koiwai, Yoshitomi-cho, Chikujo-gun, Fukuoka 871, Japan
Abstract: The inhibitory effect of Y-24180 ((+/-)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-[2-(4-isobutylphenyl)ethyl]- 6,9-dimethyl-6H-thieno[3,2-f][1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]diazepine) on platelet-activating factor (PAF)- or antigen-induced airway microvascular leakage was studied in guinea pigs by oral administration. The tissue content of extravasated Evans blue dye was used as an index of plasma exudation in the trachea, main bronchi, central intrapulmonary airways and peripheral intrapulmonary airways. In all of these tissues, Y- 24180 potently inhibited the leakage induced by PAF. The ED50 value of Y-24180 determined in each of the tissues was approximately 0.02 mg/kg, demonstrating that the inhibitory potency of Y-24180 is 4 - 6 times that of WEB 2086, another PAF antagonist. Even at a dose of 10 mg/kg, however, Y-24180 showed no inhibitory effect on the leakage induced by leukotriene (LT) D4, histamine or bradykinin. In the antigen- induced model of guinea pigs sensitized with aerosolized ovalbumin, Y-24180 (0.1 - 1O mg/kg) and WEB 2086 (1 - 100 mg/kg) potently inhibited the microvascular leakage in all of the examined airway tissues except for the trachea. At 1 - 100 mg/kg, however, both ONO-1078, an LT-receptor antagonist, and OKY- 046, a thromboxane A2 synthetase inhibitor, prevented partially but not significantly the antigen-induced leakage. These results provide evidence that endogenous PAF partially mediates the antigen-induced airway microvascular leakage in guinea pigs.
Y-24180, Platelet-activating factor-receptor antagonist, Airway microvascular leakage, Antigen
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