Keiko Suzuki and Shoji Yamada
Department of Pharmacology, School of Dentistry, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142, Japan
Abstract: Ascites sarcoma 180 (S180A) is a transplantable tumor that induces hypercalcemia in tumor-bearing mice and stimulates bone resorption in cultured neonatal mouse calvaria without parathyroid hormone (PTH)-like activity. The serum-free conditioned media of S180A cell cultures (S180A-CM) stimulated [3H]thymidine incorporation (178.3% of the control) and inhibited alkaline phosphatase activity (39.0% of the control) in the osteoblastic osteosarcoma cell line UMR 106-01, contrary to PTH. To investigate signal transduction by S180A-CM, we determined the levels of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i), inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3), 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and protein kinase (PK) C activity in UMR 106-01 cells. PTH and PTH-related protein (PTHrP), both potent bone-resorbing factors (BRFs), caused an increase in [Ca2+]i and stimulated IP3 production, whereas S180A-CM had little or no effect on these parameters. On the other hand, S180A-CM stimulated DAG production, accompanied by PC breakdown, and the translocation of PKC activity from the cytosol to the membrane fraction. Sphingosine, a specific PKC inhibitor, inhibited bone-resorbing activity (BRA) in S180A-CM more effectively than PTH or PTHrP-stimulated resorption. H-7, an inhibitor of both cAMP- dependent PKA and PKC, completely inhibited BRA in S180A-CM. These results suggest that BRFs of S180A-CM stimulate osteoblastic cell proliferation and bone resorption via two signal transduction pathways, which are different from those of PTH: 1) activation of PKC by DAG resulting from PC hydrolysis and 2) activation of PKA subsequent to prostaglandin E2 production by bone.
Ascites sarcoma 180, Bone resorption, Diacylglycerol production,
Phosphatidylcholine breakdown, Protein kinase C
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