Hideki Ohnota (1), Tsuyoshi Kitamura (2), Mayumi Kinukawa (1), Shuichiro Hamano (1), Nobuo Shibata (2), Hiroshi Miyata (1) and Arao Ujiie (1)
(1) Central Research Laboratories and (2) Second Research Laboratories, Kissei Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 4365-1, Kashiwabara, Hotaka, Minamiazumi-gun, Nagano 399-83, Japan
Abstract: We investigated therapeutic effects of a rapid- and short-acting non-sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agent, calcium (2S)-2-benzyl-3-(cis-hexahydro-2-isoindolinylcarbonyl)propionate dihydrate (KAD-1229), on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) rats. The effects exerted by KAD-1229 on the post-prandial plasma glucose rise in STZ-induced mild NIDDM (mNIDDM) rats were different from those of sulfonylureas. When KAD-1229 with liquid meal (10 kcal/kg) was given to the mNIDDM rats, the plasma glucose migration was similar to that of normal healthy rats. On the contrary, glibenclamide had little or no effect on the plasma glucose rise 0.5 - 1 hr after oral administration, and its effect was only evident 2 - 5 hr after dosing. Tolbutamide showed similar hypoglycemia to that induced by glibenclamide at 2 - 5 hr with insufficient efficacy at 0.5 hr. Gliclazide sufficiently suppressed the level of post-prandial plasma glucose. However, its complete inhibition of post-prandial plasma glucose was associated with the extra-hypoglycemia 1 - 5 hr after oral administration. We also tested the efficacy of KAD-1229 in more severe STZ-induced NIDDM (sNIDDM) rats to elucidate the effects of the drug on the long-term glycemic controls and diabetic complications. When the sNIDDM rats were treated with 10 mg/kg KAD-1229 twice a day for about 17 weeks, increases in fasting plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c were inhibited. Furthermore, treatment with KAD-1229 suppressed the development of microalbuminuria and cortical cataract. We conclude that the rapid- and short-acting insulinotropic agent KAD-1229 is able to improve the deterioration in the glycemic controls and inhibit the development of diabetic complications in STZ-induced NIDDM rats.
KAD-1229, Streptozotocin-induced non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) rat,
Hypoglycemic agent, Diabetic complication
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