Kazumi Hayashi, Tadashi Nagamatsu, Mikio Ito and Yoshio Suzuki
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, 150 Yagotoyama, Nagoya 468, Japan
Abstract: The effect of FK506 (tacrolims hydrate), an immunosuppressive agent produced by Streptomyces tsukubaensis, on crescentic-type anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) nephritis in rats was investigated. When rats were treated with FK506 from 1 or 20 days after the anti-GBM serum injection, FK506 inhibited the increase in urinary protein excretion. Histological observation demonstrated that FK506 suppressed glomerular alterations. In the FK506-treated rats, antibody production and rat-IgG and C3 deposits on the GBM were significantly less than those in the nephritic control group. FK506 treatment suppressed the accumulation of ED-1-positive cells, CD4-positive cells, CD8-positive cells, interleukin-2 (IL-2)-receptor-positive cells, leukocyte-function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1)-positive cells and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)-expression in nephritic glomeruli. However, in the in vitro study, FK506 failed to inhibit the up-regulated ICAM-1 expression on endothelial cells in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. On the other hand, IL-2 production from the spleen cells isolated from nephritic rats treated with FK506 was lower than that in the nephritic control rats. These results suggest that FK506 is effective against crescentic-type anti-GBM nephritis and that the antinephritic mechanisms of FK506 is due to the inhibition of intraglomerular accumulation and activation of leukocytes through the suppression of ICAM-1 expression and IL-2 production.
Anti-GBM nephritis (crescentic type), FK506, Leukocyte, Interleukin-2,
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1
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