Jpn. J. Pharmacol. 70 (1), 25-33 (1996)

The Possible Roles of Hyperlipidemia and Mononuclear Cells in Glomeruli in Puromycin Aminonucleoside Nephrosis in Rats

Tomohisa Hattori, Tadashi Nagamatsu, Mikio Ito and Yoshio Suzuki

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, 150 Yagotoyama, Nagoya 468, Japan

Abstract: The possibility that hyperlipidemia and an increase of mononuclear cells in the glomeruli could participate in the pathogenesis of minimal change glomerulopathy was evaluated in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) nephrosis in rats. Significant increases in intraglomerular CD4-, IL-2-receptor (R)- and ED-1-positive cells were found in PAN rats. Urinary protein excretion and mononuclear cells in the glomeruli of 1% cholesterol diet-fed rats significantly increased, compared with standard diet feeding. Moreover, administration of a subnephrogenic dose of PAN in cholesterol diet-fed rats substantially increased urinary protein excretion and mononuclear cells in the glomeruli. Additionally, antihyperlipidemia agents and immunosuppressive agents prevented urinary protein excretion and increases of CD4-, IL-2R- and ED-1-positive cells in the glomeruli of PAN nephrotic rats. Monoclonal antibodies directed against these cells also prevented urinary protein excretion. These results suggest that CD4-, IL-2R- and ED-I- positive cells and hyperlipidemia are involved in the progression, but not the pathogenesis, of PAN.

Keywords: Nephrosis, Puromycin aminonucleoside, Hyperlipidemia, Cellular immunity

Copyright© The Japanese Pharmacological Society 1996

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