Masahiko Shinoda, Kazuhiro Okamiya and Katsuo Toide
Chemical Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Japan Tobacco Inc., 1-1, Murasaki-cho, Takatsuki, Osaka 569, Japan
Abstract: We investigated the effects of a novel prolyl endopeptidase inhibitor, JTP-4819 ((S)-2-[[(S)-2-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-pyrrolidinyl]carbonyl]-N-(phenylmethyl)-1-pyrrolidinecarboxamide), on thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)-like immunoreactivity (TRH-LI) in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of aged rats. The TRH-LI content of both brain regions in aged rats was significantly lower than that in young rats. A single oral dose of JTP-4819 (3 mg/kg) restored the cortical TRH-LI content in aged rats, while doses of 0.3-3 mg/kg restored it in the hippocampus. Repeated oral administration of JTP-4819 at a dose of 1 mg/kg for 21 days produced a significant increase of TRH-LI in the cerebral cortex, while it did so in the hippocampus at doses of 0.3 and 1 mg/kg. Our findings suggest that JTP-4819 may improve the functioning of TRHergic neurons, which deteriorate with senescence.
Keywords: JTP-4819, Prolyl endopeptidase, Thyrotropin-releasing hormone-like immunoreactivity
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