Yasuro Kataoka1,3, Hidehisa Masui2, Nobuo Iwata3 and Ichiro Wakabayashi1,*
1Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Yamagata University, 2-2-2 Iida-Nishi, Yamagata 990-9585, Japan
2Department of Public Health and 32nd Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya 663-8501, Japan
*Corresponding author. FAX: +81-23-628-5255, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: The effects of extracellular acidosis on gallbladder contraction were investigated using gallbladder strips isolated from guinea pigs. In an acidic medium (pH 6.9), gallbladder contraction induced by histamine and prostaglandin E2 was significantly lower than that in a normal medium (pH 7.4). Acidosis affected neither gallbladder contraction induced by histamine in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ nor that induced by KCl. Acidosis significantly inhibited Ca2+-induced contraction in the presence of sodium fluoride and phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate but not that in the presence of KCl. Staurosporine (30 nM) significantly inhibited gallbladder contraction induced by histamine and prostaglandin E2, but not that by KCl. Histamine-induced contraction in the presence of staurosporine was not affected by acidosis. Acidosis significantly inhibited Ca2+-induced contraction in the presence of histamine but not that in the presence of both histamine and staurosporine. These results suggest that extracellular acidosis selectively inhibits gallbladder contraction mediated by protein kinase C activation.
Keywords: Gallbladder contraction, Extracellular pH, Protein kinase C
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