Tohru Watanabe, Shogo Tokuyama, Masako Yasuda, Tadanori Sasaki and Toshinori Yamamoto*
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan
*Corresponding author. FAX: +81-3-3784-3838, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine whether polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) facilitate a tissue factor, a physiologic initiator of coagulation in endothelial cells, -dependent coagulant activity (TF activity). The TF activity in bovine endothelial cells (BAECs) was significantly increased in a concentration-dependent manner by PMNs (1×105 - 1×107 cells/ml) without affecting the treatment of N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, a selective activator of PMNs, and the addition of PMNs finally resulted in cell damage as evaluated by the lactate dehydrogenase leakage method. In the same conditions, an increase of adhesion between PMNs and BAECs was also observed in a time-dependent manner. However, since direct adhesion of PMNs to BAECs was impossible by using the transwell, PMNs failed to induce any changes in the TF activity. Hence, the change of TF activity found here might be closely related to the PMNs adhesion to BAECs. Indeed, anti-intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (anti-ICAM-1) antibody blocked the increase of TF activity in BAECs. These findings suggest that PMNs could increase TF activity in endothelial cells, which is triggered by adhesion to endothelial cells through ICAM-1.
Keywords: Endothelial cell, Polymorphonuclear leukocyte, Tissue factor, Adhesion molecule
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