Ryoko Tokunaga, Kazushi Kushiku*, Katsuhiro Yamada, Hiromi Yamada and Tatsuo Furukawa
Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Fukuoka University, 45-1, 7-chome Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
*Corresponding author. FAX: +81-92-865-4384, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: We investigated the ganglionic effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) and the signal transduction involved in the cardiac sympathetic ganglia by the direct administration of agents to the ganglia through the right subclavian artery and monitoring the heart rate as an indicator of the ganglionic function in pithed dogs. Ang II given i.a. caused increases in the heart rate, which was inhibited by the treatment with the AT1-receptor antagonist forasartan, but not by the AT2-receptor antagonist PD-123319. The stimulation by Ang II, but not by acetylcholine, was inhibited after treatment with an inhibitor of phospholipase C, U-73122; a cell-permeant modulator of the Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors, 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate; an intracellular calcium and calcium-associated protein kinase inhibitor, HA-1077; calmodulin (CaM) inhibitor, W-7; Ca2+/CaM-dependent protein kinase II inhibitor, KN-93; a selective protein kinase C inhibitor, calphostin C; and Na+-H+ exchange inhibitor, dimethylamiloride. These results suggest that Ang II stimulates the ganglionic transmission at postsynaptic sites via the activation of AT1 receptor coupled to either activation of phospholipase C, phosphoinositide hydrolysis and subsequent increase in intracellular Ca2+ and activation of protein kinase C and Ca2+/CaM kinase II, although this ganglionic stimulation seems to involve, at least in part, the protein kinases-dependent increase of amiloride-sensitive Na+ inflow.
Keywords: Angiotensin II, Sympathetic ganglion, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, Protein kinase C, Amiloride-sensitive Na+ channel
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