Jpn. J. Pharmacol. 85 (2), 155-160 (2001)

Effects of Chondroitin Sulfate on Colitis Induced by Dextran Sulfate Sodium in Rats

Yusuke Hori*, Jiro Hoshino, Chihiro Yamazaki, Tomoko Sekiguchi, Satoshi Miyauchi and Katuyuki Horie

Tokyo Research Institute, Seikagaku Corporation, 3-1253 Tateno, Higashiyamato, Tokyo 207-0021, Japan
*Corresponding author. FAX: +81-42-563-5847

Abstract: Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is currently marketed as a therapeutic drug for neurodynia, lumbago and arthrodynia. Recently, many clinical studies have demonstrated the therapeutic effects of orally administered CS against diseases with inflammation. Furthermore, these reports suggest CS plays an important role in the protection of the base of ulcers and has anti-inflammatory activity. We investigated the effects of CS against dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced rat colitis. Rats were given 3% DSS solution for 10 days ad libitum. CS and 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) were orally administered daily. The doses of the CS groups were 20 or 100 mg/kg and that for the 5-ASA group was 100 mg/kg. Evaluations were made of bloody stools, areas of erosion and hematological data. CS improved the symptoms of bloody stools, erosion and increase of white blood cells. Especially, CS (100 mg/kg) group showed markedly more improvement than the 5-ASA group. We think that the major mechanism of the therapeutic effects of CS are the prevention of tissue damage by the protection of digestive mucosa and anti-inflammatory effects. Therefore, CS may have therapeutic value for alimentary tract diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease or ulcer.

Keywords: Chondroitin sulfate, Anti-inflammation, Alimentary tract diseases, Dextran sulfate, Colitis

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