Kaori Horikoshi*, Toshihide Yokoyama, Nobuyuki Kishibayashi, Kenji Ohmori,
Akio Ishii and Akira Karasawa
Drug Development Research Laboratories, Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd., 1188 Shimotogari, Nagaizumi-cho, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka 411-8731, Japan
*Corresponding author. FAX: +81-559-86-7430
Abstract: To clarify the mechanism for the severe emesis concomitant with intensive chemotherapy, we investigated the effects of 5-HT3- and 5-HT4-receptor antagonists on the emesis induced by the high-dose of cisplatin in Suncus murinus. The emesis induced by 50 mg/kg of cisplatin was reduced by the oral pretreatment with tropisetron, which is known as a 5-HT3- and 5-HT4-receptor dual antagonist in vitro, with the ID50 value of 0.52 mg/kg. On the contrary, granisetron, a selective 5-HT3-receptor antagonist, did not markedly inhibit the emesis at up to 30 mg/kg. Moreover, GR125487, a selective 5-HT4-receptor antagonist, did not inhibit the emesis. However, co-administration of GR125487 and granisetron significantly reduced the number of emetic episodes. The study of the co-administration of GR125487 with tropisetron showed that GR125487 did not further enhance the inhibitory effect of tropisetron alone, suggesting that the anti-emetic effect of tropisetron is mediated via the blockade of both 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptors. These results suggest that both the 5-HT3 and 5-HT4 receptors are involved in the emesis induced by the high-dose of cisplatin in Suncus murinus.
Keywords: Emesis, Cisplatin, 5-HT3 receptor, 5-HT4 receptor, Suncus murinus
Copyright The Japanese Pharmacological Society
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