Fumio Kurogouchi, Yasuyuki Furukawa*, Ding Zhao, Masamichi Hirose,
Koichi Nakajima, Masato Tsuboi and Shigetoshi Chiba
Department of Pharmacology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan
*╩To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Abstract: Effects of a Na+/Ca2+ exchanger inhibitor, KB-R7943 (2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]ethyl]isothiourea methanesulfonate), on the sinoatrial nodal pacemaker activity, atrial contractility and ventricular contractility were investigated in the isolated and blood-perfused right atrium and left ventricle of the dog. KB-R7943 (0.03-3╩mmol) induced negative inotropic effects and negative followed by positive chronotropic effects in the right atrium and negative inotropic effects in the left ventricle. Neither atropine nor hexamethonium affected the cardiac responses to KB-R7943. Propranolol attenuated the positive chronotropic response to KB-R7943 but imipramine did not. Tetrodotoxin potentiated the positive chronotropic response to KB-R7943 in 6 of 11 isolated atria. When NaCl infusion increased atrial contractile force and atrial rate, KB-R7943-induced negative inotropic and chronotropic responses were attenuated in a dose-dependent manner. CaCl2 infusion potentiated the negative chronotropic response to KB-R7943 but did not affect the inotropic response significantly. On the other hand, ouabain (17╩nmol) attenuated the negative inotropic response, but not chronotropic response, to KB-R7943. These results suggest that KB-R7943-induced cardiac effects relate to the Na+ activity, probably mediated through the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, and the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger modifies the pacemaker activity and myocardial contractility in the dog heart.
Keywords: KB-R7943 (2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]ethyl]isothiourea methanesulfonate),
Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, Inotropism, Chronotropism, Heart